Results 1  10
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41,863
Maximum likelihood from incomplete data via the EM algorithm
 JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL STATISTICAL SOCIETY, SERIES B
, 1977
"... A broadly applicable algorithm for computing maximum likelihood estimates from incomplete data is presented at various levels of generality. Theory showing the monotone behaviour of the likelihood and convergence of the algorithm is derived. Many examples are sketched, including missing value situat ..."
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Cited by 11972 (17 self)
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situations, applications to grouped, censored or truncated data, finite mixture models, variance component estimation, hyperparameter estimation, iteratively reweighted least squares and factor analysis.
Determining the Number of Factors in Approximate Factor Models
, 2000
"... In this paper we develop some statistical theory for factor models of large dimensions. The focus is the determination of the number of factors, which is an unresolved issue in the rapidly growing literature on multifactor models. We propose a panel Cp criterion and show that the number of factors c ..."
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Cited by 561 (30 self)
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In this paper we develop some statistical theory for factor models of large dimensions. The focus is the determination of the number of factors, which is an unresolved issue in the rapidly growing literature on multifactor models. We propose a panel Cp criterion and show that the number of factors
The Dantzig selector: statistical estimation when p is much larger than n
, 2005
"... In many important statistical applications, the number of variables or parameters p is much larger than the number of observations n. Suppose then that we have observations y = Ax + z, where x ∈ R p is a parameter vector of interest, A is a data matrix with possibly far fewer rows than columns, n ≪ ..."
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Cited by 879 (14 self)
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‖ˆx − x ‖ 2 ℓ2 ≤ C2 ( · 2 log p · σ 2 + ∑ min(x 2 i, σ 2) Our results are nonasymptotic and we give values for the constant C. In short, our estimator achieves a loss within a logarithmic factor of the ideal mean squared error one would achieve with an oracle which would supply perfect information
FastSLAM: A Factored Solution to the Simultaneous Localization and Mapping Problem
 In Proceedings of the AAAI National Conference on Artificial Intelligence
, 2002
"... The ability to simultaneously localize a robot and accurately map its surroundings is considered by many to be a key prerequisite of truly autonomous robots. However, few approaches to this problem scale up to handle the very large number of landmarks present in real environments. Kalman filterbase ..."
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Cited by 599 (10 self)
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based algorithms, for example, require time quadratic in the number of landmarks to incorporate each sensor observation. This paper presents FastSLAM, an algorithm that recursively estimates the full posterior distribution over robot pose and landmark locations, yet scales logarithmically with the number
Probabilistic Principal Component Analysis
 JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL STATISTICAL SOCIETY, SERIES B
, 1999
"... Principal component analysis (PCA) is a ubiquitous technique for data analysis and processing, but one which is not based upon a probability model. In this paper we demonstrate how the principal axes of a set of observed data vectors may be determined through maximumlikelihood estimation of paramet ..."
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Cited by 709 (5 self)
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of parameters in a latent variable model closely related to factor analysis. We consider the properties of the associated likelihood function, giving an EM algorithm for estimating the principal subspace iteratively, and discuss, with illustrative examples, the advantages conveyed by this probabilistic approach
Learning lowlevel vision
 International Journal of Computer Vision
, 2000
"... We show a learningbased method for lowlevel vision problems. We setup a Markov network of patches of the image and the underlying scene. A factorization approximation allows us to easily learn the parameters of the Markov network from synthetic examples of image/scene pairs, and to e ciently prop ..."
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Cited by 579 (30 self)
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We show a learningbased method for lowlevel vision problems. We setup a Markov network of patches of the image and the underlying scene. A factorization approximation allows us to easily learn the parameters of the Markov network from synthetic examples of image/scene pairs, and to e ciently
Ideal spatial adaptation by wavelet shrinkage
 Biometrika
, 1994
"... With ideal spatial adaptation, an oracle furnishes information about how best to adapt a spatially variable estimator, whether piecewise constant, piecewise polynomial, variable knot spline, or variable bandwidth kernel, to the unknown function. Estimation with the aid of an oracle o ers dramatic ad ..."
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Cited by 1269 (5 self)
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is the sample size. Moreover no estimator can give a better guarantee than this. Within the class of spatially adaptive procedures, RiskShrink is essentially optimal. Relying only on the data, it comes within a factor log 2 n of the performance of piecewise polynomial and variableknot spline methods equipped
Liquidity Risk and Expected Stock Returns
, 2002
"... This study investigates whether marketwide liquidity is a state variable important for asset pricing. We find that expected stock returns are related crosssectionally to the sensitivities of returns to fluctuations in aggregate liquidity. Our monthly liquidity measure, an average of individualsto ..."
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Cited by 629 (6 self)
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stock measures estimated with daily data, relies on the principle that order flow induces greater return reversals when liquidity is lower. Over a 34year period, the average return on stocks with high sensitivities to liquidity exceeds that for stocks with low sensitivities by 7.5 % annually, adjusted
Structural equation modeling in practice: a review and recommended twostep approach.
 Psychological Bulletin,
, 1988
"... In this article, we provide guidance for substantive researchers on the use of structural equation modeling in practice for theory testing and development. We present a comprehensive, twostep modeling approach that employs a series of nested models and sequential chisquare difference tests. We di ..."
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Cited by 1825 (3 self)
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discuss the comparative advantages of this approach over a onestep approach. Considerations in specification, assessment of fit, and respecification of measurement models using confirmatory factor analysis are reviewed. As background to the twostep approach, the distinction between exploratory
Valuing American options by simulation: A simple leastsquares approach
 Review of Financial Studies
, 2001
"... This article presents a simple yet powerful new approach for approximating the value of America11 options by simulation. The kcy to this approach is the use of least squares to estimate the conditional expected payoff to the optionholder from continuation. This makes this approach readily applicable ..."
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Cited by 517 (9 self)
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This article presents a simple yet powerful new approach for approximating the value of America11 options by simulation. The kcy to this approach is the use of least squares to estimate the conditional expected payoff to the optionholder from continuation. This makes this approach readily
Results 1  10
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41,863