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Maximum likelihood from incomplete data via the EM algorithm
 JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL STATISTICAL SOCIETY, SERIES B
, 1977
"... A broadly applicable algorithm for computing maximum likelihood estimates from incomplete data is presented at various levels of generality. Theory showing the monotone behaviour of the likelihood and convergence of the algorithm is derived. Many examples are sketched, including missing value situat ..."
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Cited by 11972 (17 self)
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A broadly applicable algorithm for computing maximum likelihood estimates from incomplete data is presented at various levels of generality. Theory showing the monotone behaviour of the likelihood and convergence of the algorithm is derived. Many examples are sketched, including missing value
The Context Toolkit: Aiding the Development of ContextEnabled Applications
 University of Karlsruhe
, 1999
"... Contextenabled applications are just emerging and promise richer interaction by taking environmental context into account. However, they are difficult to build due to their distributed nature and the use of unconventional sensors. The concepts of toolkits and widget libraries in graphical user inte ..."
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Cited by 604 (26 self)
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and the application. We illustrate the concept of context widgets with the beginnings of a widget library we have developed for sensing presence, identity and activity of people and things. We assess the success of our approach with two example contextenabled applications we have built and an existing application
Probability: Theory and examples
 CAMBRIDGE U PRESS
, 2011
"... Some times the lights are shining on me. Other times I can barely see. Lately it occurs to me what a long strange trip its been. Grateful Dead In 1989 when the first edition of the book was completed, my sons David and Greg were 3 and 1, and the cover picture showed the Dow Jones at 2650. The last t ..."
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Cited by 1331 (16 self)
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the results that are important for applications, and illustrated their use with roughly 200 examples. Probability is not a spectator sport, so the book contains almost 450 exercises to challenge the reader and to deepen their understanding. The fourth edition has two major changes (in addition to a new
The Anatomy of a ContextAware Application
 WIRELESS NETWORKS, VOL
, 1999
"... We describe a platform for contextaware computing which enables applications to follow mobile users as they move around a building. The platform is particularly suitable for richly equipped, networked environments. The only item a user is required to carry is a small sensor tag, which identifies th ..."
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Cited by 537 (3 self)
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We describe a platform for contextaware computing which enables applications to follow mobile users as they move around a building. The platform is particularly suitable for richly equipped, networked environments. The only item a user is required to carry is a small sensor tag, which identifies
Tensor Decompositions and Applications
 SIAM REVIEW
, 2009
"... This survey provides an overview of higherorder tensor decompositions, their applications, and available software. A tensor is a multidimensional or N way array. Decompositions of higherorder tensors (i.e., N way arrays with N â¥ 3) have applications in psychometrics, chemometrics, signal proce ..."
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Cited by 723 (18 self)
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This survey provides an overview of higherorder tensor decompositions, their applications, and available software. A tensor is a multidimensional or N way array. Decompositions of higherorder tensors (i.e., N way arrays with N â¥ 3) have applications in psychometrics, chemometrics, signal
Distance metric learning, with application to clustering with sideinformation,”
 in Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 15,
, 2002
"... Abstract Many algorithms rely critically on being given a good metric over their inputs. For instance, data can often be clustered in many "plausible" ways, and if a clustering algorithm such as Kmeans initially fails to find one that is meaningful to a user, the only recourse may be for ..."
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Cited by 818 (13 self)
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be for the user to manually tweak the input space's metric until sufficiently good clusters are found. For these and other applications requiring good metrics, it is desirable that we provide a more systematic way for users to indicate what they consider "similar." For instance, we may ask them
Sparse MRI: The Application of Compressed Sensing for Rapid MR Imaging
 MAGNETIC RESONANCE IN MEDICINE 58:1182–1195
, 2007
"... The sparsity which is implicit in MR images is exploited to significantly undersample kspace. Some MR images such as angiograms are already sparse in the pixel representation; other, more complicated images have a sparse representation in some transform domain–for example, in terms of spatial finit ..."
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Cited by 538 (11 self)
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The sparsity which is implicit in MR images is exploited to significantly undersample kspace. Some MR images such as angiograms are already sparse in the pixel representation; other, more complicated images have a sparse representation in some transform domain–for example, in terms of spatial
Gradient projection for sparse reconstruction: Application to compressed sensing and other inverse problems
 IEEE JOURNAL OF SELECTED TOPICS IN SIGNAL PROCESSING
, 2007
"... Many problems in signal processing and statistical inference involve finding sparse solutions to underdetermined, or illconditioned, linear systems of equations. A standard approach consists in minimizing an objective function which includes a quadratic (squared ℓ2) error term combined with a spa ..."
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Cited by 539 (17 self)
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sparsenessinducing (ℓ1) regularization term.Basis pursuit, the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO), waveletbased deconvolution, and compressed sensing are a few wellknown examples of this approach. This paper proposes gradient projection (GP) algorithms for the bound
The Concept of a Linguistic Variable and its Application to Approximate Reasoning
 Journal of Information Science
, 1975
"... By a linguistic variable we mean a variable whose values are words or sentences in a natural or artificial language. I:or example, Age is a linguistic variable if its values are linguistic rather than numerical, i.e., young, not young, very young, quite young, old, not very oldand not very young, et ..."
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Cited by 1430 (9 self)
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By a linguistic variable we mean a variable whose values are words or sentences in a natural or artificial language. I:or example, Age is a linguistic variable if its values are linguistic rather than numerical, i.e., young, not young, very young, quite young, old, not very oldand not very young
Semantic Similarity in a Taxonomy: An InformationBased Measure and its Application to Problems of Ambiguity in Natural Language
, 1999
"... This article presents a measure of semantic similarityinanisa taxonomy based on the notion of shared information content. Experimental evaluation against a benchmark set of human similarity judgments demonstrates that the measure performs better than the traditional edgecounting approach. The a ..."
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Cited by 609 (9 self)
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in arti#cial intelligence and psychology, dating back to the spreading activation approach of Quillian #1968# and Collins and Loftus #1975#. Semantic similarity represents a special case of semantic relatedness: for example, cars and gasoline would seem to be more closely related than, say, cars
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