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Factor Graphs and the SumProduct Algorithm
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION THEORY
, 1998
"... A factor graph is a bipartite graph that expresses how a "global" function of many variables factors into a product of "local" functions. Factor graphs subsume many other graphical models including Bayesian networks, Markov random fields, and Tanner graphs. Following one simple c ..."
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Cited by 1787 (72 self)
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computational rule, the sumproduct algorithm operates in factor graphs to computeeither exactly or approximatelyvarious marginal functions by distributed messagepassing in the graph. A wide variety of algorithms developed in artificial intelligence, signal processing, and digital communications can
Data Integration: A Theoretical Perspective
 Symposium on Principles of Database Systems
, 2002
"... Data integration is the problem of combining data residing at different sources, and providing the user with a unified view of these data. The problem of designing data integration systems is important in current real world applications, and is characterized by a number of issues that are interestin ..."
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Cited by 944 (45 self)
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Data integration is the problem of combining data residing at different sources, and providing the user with a unified view of these data. The problem of designing data integration systems is important in current real world applications, and is characterized by a number of issues
On the Private Provision of Public Goods
 Journal of Public Economics
, 1986
"... We consider a general model of the noncooperative provision of a public good. Under very weak assumptions there will always exist a unique Nash equilibrium in our model. A small redistribution of wealth among the contributing consumers will not change the equilibrium amount of the public good. Howe ..."
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Cited by 546 (8 self)
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. However, larger redistributions of wealth will change the set of contributors and thereby change the equilibrium provision of the public good. We are able to characterize the properties and the comparative statics of the equilibrium in a quite complete way and to analyze the extent to which government
Graphical models, exponential families, and variational inference
, 2008
"... The formalism of probabilistic graphical models provides a unifying framework for capturing complex dependencies among random variables, and building largescale multivariate statistical models. Graphical models have become a focus of research in many statistical, computational and mathematical fiel ..."
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Cited by 800 (26 self)
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all be understood in terms of exact or approximate forms of these variational representations. The variational approach provides a complementary alternative to Markov chain Monte Carlo as a general source of approximation methods for inference in largescale statistical models.
Virtual Time and Global States of Distributed Systems
 PARALLEL AND DISTRIBUTED ALGORITHMS
, 1988
"... A distributed system can be characterized by the fact that the global state is distributed and that a common time base does not exist. However, the notion of time is an important concept in every day life of our decentralized "real world" and helps to solve problems like getting a consiste ..."
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Cited by 741 (6 self)
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A distributed system can be characterized by the fact that the global state is distributed and that a common time base does not exist. However, the notion of time is an important concept in every day life of our decentralized "real world" and helps to solve problems like getting a
Network information flow
 IEEE TRANS. INFORM. THEORY
, 2000
"... We introduce a new class of problems called network information flow which is inspired by computer network applications. Consider a pointtopoint communication network on which a number of information sources are to be mulitcast to certain sets of destinations. We assume that the information source ..."
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Cited by 1961 (24 self)
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sources are mutually independent. The problem is to characterize the admissible coding rate region. This model subsumes all previously studied models along the same line. In this paper, we study the problem with one information source, and we have obtained a simple characterization of the admissible
The Semantics of Predicate Logic as a Programming Language
 Journal of the ACM
, 1976
"... ABSTRACT Sentences in firstorder predicate logic can be usefully interpreted as programs In this paper the operational and fixpomt semantics of predicate logic programs are defined, and the connections with the proof theory and model theory of logic are investigated It is concluded that operational ..."
A Measurement Study of PeertoPeer File Sharing Systems
, 2002
"... The popularity of peertopeer multimedia file sharing applications such as Gnutella and Napster has created a flurry of recent research activity into peertopeer architectures. We believe that the proper evaluation of a peertopeer system must take into account the characteristics of the peers th ..."
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Cited by 1249 (18 self)
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Napster and Gnutella. In particular, our measurement study seeks to precisely characterize the population of enduser hosts that participate in these two systems. This characterization includes the bottleneck bandwidths between these hosts and the Internet at large, IPlevel latencies to send packets
The information bottleneck method
 University of Illinois
, 1999
"... We define the relevant information in a signal x ∈ X as being the information that this signal provides about another signal y ∈ Y. Examples include the information that face images provide about the names of the people portrayed, or the information that speech sounds provide about the words spoken. ..."
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Cited by 545 (38 self)
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about Y through a ‘bottleneck ’ formed by a limited set of codewords ˜X. This constrained optimization problem can be seen as a generalization of rate distortion theory in which the distortion measure d(x, ˜x) emerges from the joint statistics of X and Y. This approach yields an exact set of self
The interdisciplinary study of coordination
 ACM Computing Surveys
, 1994
"... This survey characterizes an emerging research area, sometimes called coordination theory, that focuses on the interdisciplinary study of coordination. Research in this area uses and extends ideas about coordination from disciplines such as computer science, organization theory, operations research, ..."
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Cited by 773 (21 self)
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This survey characterizes an emerging research area, sometimes called coordination theory, that focuses on the interdisciplinary study of coordination. Research in this area uses and extends ideas about coordination from disciplines such as computer science, organization theory, operations research
Results 11  20
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