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87,085
Reflectance and texture of realworld surfaces
 ACM TRANS. GRAPHICS
, 1999
"... In this work, we investigate the visual appearance of realworld surfaces and the dependence of appearance on scale, viewing direction and illumination direction. At ne scale, surface variations cause local intensity variation or image texture. The appearance of this texture depends on both illumina ..."
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Cited by 586 (23 self)
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(bidirectional re ectance distribution function). We simultaneously measure the BTF and BRDF of over 60 di erent rough surfaces, each observed with over 200 di erent combinations of viewing and illumination direction. The resulting BTF database is comprised of over 12,000 image textures. To enable convenient use
Learning the Kernel Matrix with SemiDefinite Programming
, 2002
"... Kernelbased learning algorithms work by embedding the data into a Euclidean space, and then searching for linear relations among the embedded data points. The embedding is performed implicitly, by specifying the inner products between each pair of points in the embedding space. This information ..."
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Cited by 780 (22 self)
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Kernelbased learning algorithms work by embedding the data into a Euclidean space, and then searching for linear relations among the embedded data points. The embedding is performed implicitly, by specifying the inner products between each pair of points in the embedding space. This information
The Askeyscheme of hypergeometric orthogonal polynomials and its qanalogue
, 1998
"... We list the socalled Askeyscheme of hypergeometric orthogonal polynomials and we give a q analogue of this scheme containing basic hypergeometric orthogonal polynomials. In chapter 1 we give the definition, the orthogonality relation, the three term recurrence relation, the second order di#erent ..."
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Cited by 580 (6 self)
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#erential or di#erence equation, the forward and backward shift operator, the Rodriguestype formula and generating functions of all classes of orthogonal polynomials in this scheme. In chapter 2 we give the limit relations between di#erent classes of orthogonal polynomials listed in the Askeyscheme. In chapter
Ensemble Methods in Machine Learning
 MULTIPLE CLASSIFIER SYSTEMS, LBCS1857
, 2000
"... Ensemble methods are learning algorithms that construct a set of classifiers and then classify new data points by taking a (weighted) vote of their predictions. The original ensemble method is Bayesian averaging, but more recent algorithms include errorcorrecting output coding, Bagging, and boostin ..."
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Cited by 607 (3 self)
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Ensemble methods are learning algorithms that construct a set of classifiers and then classify new data points by taking a (weighted) vote of their predictions. The original ensemble method is Bayesian averaging, but more recent algorithms include errorcorrecting output coding, Bagging
Reversible jump Markov chain Monte Carlo computation and Bayesian model determination
 Biometrika
, 1995
"... Markov chain Monte Carlo methods for Bayesian computation have until recently been restricted to problems where the joint distribution of all variables has a density with respect to some xed standard underlying measure. They have therefore not been available for application to Bayesian model determi ..."
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Cited by 1330 (24 self)
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have wide applicability in model determination problems. The methodology is illustrated with applications to multiple changepoint analysis in one and two dimensions, and toaBayesian comparison of binomial experiments.
The English noun phrase in its sentential aspect
, 1987
"... This dissertation is a defense of the hypothesis that the noun phrase is headed by afunctional element (i.e., \nonlexical " category) D, identi ed with the determiner. In this way, the structure of the noun phrase parallels that of the sentence, which is headed by In (ection), under assump ..."
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Cited by 509 (4 self)
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the most basic concrete nouns, show agreement (AGR) with their possessors, points to an analysis
Eigenfaces vs. Fisherfaces: Recognition Using Class Specific Linear Projection
, 1997
"... We develop a face recognition algorithm which is insensitive to gross variation in lighting direction and facial expression. Taking a pattern classification approach, we consider each pixel in an image as a coordinate in a highdimensional space. We take advantage of the observation that the images ..."
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Cited by 2263 (18 self)
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We develop a face recognition algorithm which is insensitive to gross variation in lighting direction and facial expression. Taking a pattern classification approach, we consider each pixel in an image as a coordinate in a highdimensional space. We take advantage of the observation that the images of a particular face, under varying illumination but fixed pose, lie in a 3D linear subspace of the high dimensional image space  if the face is a Lambertian surface without shadowing. However, since faces are not truly Lambertian surfaces and do indeed produce selfshadowing, images will deviate from this linear subspace. Rather than explicitly modeling this deviation, we linearly project the image into a subspace in a manner which discounts those regions of the face with large deviation. Our projection method is based on Fisher's Linear Discriminant and produces well separated classes in a lowdimensional subspace even under severe variation in lighting and facial expressions. The Eigenface
Constrained model predictive control: Stability and optimality
 AUTOMATICA
, 2000
"... Model predictive control is a form of control in which the current control action is obtained by solving, at each sampling instant, a finite horizon openloop optimal control problem, using the current state of the plant as the initial state; the optimization yields an optimal control sequence and t ..."
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Cited by 696 (15 self)
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important because efficiency demands operating points on or close to the boundary of the set of admissible states and controls. In this review, we focus on model predictive control of constrained systems, both linear and nonlinear and discuss only briefly model predictive control of unconstrained nonlinear
Ontologies: Principles, methods and applications
 KNOWLEDGE ENGINEERING REVIEW
, 1996
"... This paper is intended to serve as a comprehensive introduction to the emerging field concerned with the design and use of ontologies. We observe that disparate backgrounds, languages, tools, and techniques are a major barrier to effective communication among people, organisations, and/or software s ..."
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Cited by 570 (3 self)
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This paper is intended to serve as a comprehensive introduction to the emerging field concerned with the design and use of ontologies. We observe that disparate backgrounds, languages, tools, and techniques are a major barrier to effective communication among people, organisations, and/or software systems. We show how the development and implementation of an explicit account of a shared understanding (i.e. an `ontology') in a given subject area, can improve such communication, which in turn, can give rise to greater reuse and sharing, interoperability, and more reliable software. After motivating their need, we clarify just what ontologies are and what purposes they serve. We outline a methodology for developing and evaluating ontologies, first discussing informal techniques, concerning such issues as scoping, handling ambiguity, reaching agreement and producing de nitions. We then consider the bene ts of and describe, a more formal approach. We revisit the scoping phase, and discuss the role of formal languages and techniques in the specification, implementation and evaluation of ontologies. Finally, we review the state of the art and practice in this emerging field,
Abduction in Logic Programming
"... Abduction in Logic Programming started in the late 80s, early 90s, in an attempt to extend logic programming into a framework suitable for a variety of problems in Artificial Intelligence and other areas of Computer Science. This paper aims to chart out the main developments of the field over th ..."
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Cited by 616 (76 self)
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Abduction in Logic Programming started in the late 80s, early 90s, in an attempt to extend logic programming into a framework suitable for a variety of problems in Artificial Intelligence and other areas of Computer Science. This paper aims to chart out the main developments of the field over the last ten years and to take a critical view of these developments from several perspectives: logical, epistemological, computational and suitability to application. The paper attempts to expose some of the challenges and prospects for the further development of the field.
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