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Near Optimal Signal Recovery From Random Projections: Universal Encoding Strategies?
, 2004
"... Suppose we are given a vector f in RN. How many linear measurements do we need to make about f to be able to recover f to within precision ɛ in the Euclidean (ℓ2) metric? Or more exactly, suppose we are interested in a class F of such objects— discrete digital signals, images, etc; how many linear m ..."
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Cited by 1513 (20 self)
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Suppose we are given a vector f in RN. How many linear measurements do we need to make about f to be able to recover f to within precision ɛ in the Euclidean (ℓ2) metric? Or more exactly, suppose we are interested in a class F of such objects— discrete digital signals, images, etc; how many linear measurements do we need to recover objects from this class to within accuracy ɛ? This paper shows that if the objects of interest are sparse or compressible in the sense that the reordered entries of a signal f ∈ F decay like a powerlaw (or if the coefficient sequence of f in a fixed basis decays like a powerlaw), then it is possible to reconstruct f to within very high accuracy from a small number of random measurements. typical result is as follows: we rearrange the entries of f (or its coefficients in a fixed basis) in decreasing order of magnitude f  (1) ≥ f  (2) ≥... ≥ f  (N), and define the weakℓp ball as the class F of those elements whose entries obey the power decay law f  (n) ≤ C · n −1/p. We take measurements 〈f, Xk〉, k = 1,..., K, where the Xk are Ndimensional Gaussian
Near Shannon limit errorcorrecting coding and decoding
, 1993
"... Abstract This paper deals with a new class of convolutional codes called Turbocodes, whose performances in terms of Bit Error Rate (BER) are close to the SHANNON limit. The TurboCode encoder is built using a parallel concatenation of two Recursive Systematic Convolutional codes and the associated ..."
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Cited by 1738 (5 self)
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Abstract This paper deals with a new class of convolutional codes called Turbocodes, whose performances in terms of Bit Error Rate (BER) are close to the SHANNON limit. The TurboCode encoder is built using a parallel concatenation of two Recursive Systematic Convolutional codes
Feeling and thinking: Preferences need no inferences
 American Psychologist
, 1980
"... ABSTRACT: Affect is considered by most contemporary theories to be postcognitive, that is, to occur only after considerable cognitive operations have been accomplished. Yet a number of experimental results on preferences, attitudes, impression formation, and de_ cision making, as well as some cli ..."
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Cited by 533 (2 self)
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ABSTRACT: Affect is considered by most contemporary theories to be postcognitive, that is, to occur only after considerable cognitive operations have been accomplished. Yet a number of experimental results on preferences, attitudes, impression formation, and de_ cision making, as well as some
The ratedistortion function for source coding with side information at the decoder
 IEEE Trans. Inform. Theory
, 1976
"... AbstractLet {(X,, Y,J}r = 1 be a sequence of independent drawings of a pair of dependent random variables X, Y. Let us say that X takes values in the finite set 6. It is desired to encode the sequence {X,} in blocks of length n into a binary stream*of rate R, which can in turn be decoded as a seque ..."
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Cited by 1055 (1 self)
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AbstractLet {(X,, Y,J}r = 1 be a sequence of independent drawings of a pair of dependent random variables X, Y. Let us say that X takes values in the finite set 6. It is desired to encode the sequence {X,} in blocks of length n into a binary stream*of rate R, which can in turn be decoded as a
The xKernel: An Architecture for Implementing Network Protocols
 IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering
, 1991
"... This paper describes a new operating system kernel, called the xkernel, that provides an explicit architecture for constructing and composing network protocols. Our experience implementing and evaluating several protocols in the xkernel shows that this architecture is both general enough to acc ..."
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Cited by 663 (21 self)
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abstractions through which processes running on those processors exchange messages. Network software is extremely complex: it must hide the details of the underlying hardware, recover from transmission failures, ensure that messages are delivered to the application processes in the appropriate order
Efficient dispersal of information for security, load balancing, and fault tolerance
 Journal of the ACM
, 1989
"... Abstract. An Information Dispersal Algorithm (IDA) is developed that breaks a file F of length L = ( F ( into n pieces F,, 1 5 i 5 n, each of length ( F, 1 = L/m, so that every m pieces suffice for reconstructing F. Dispersal and reconstruction are computationally efficient. The sum of the lengths ..."
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Cited by 561 (1 self)
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Abstract. An Information Dispersal Algorithm (IDA) is developed that breaks a file F of length L = ( F ( into n pieces F,, 1 5 i 5 n, each of length ( F, 1 = L/m, so that every m pieces suffice for reconstructing F. Dispersal and reconstruction are computationally efficient. The sum of the lengths
Spacetime block codes from orthogonal designs
 IEEE Trans. Inform. Theory
, 1999
"... Abstract — We introduce space–time block coding, a new paradigm for communication over Rayleigh fading channels using multiple transmit antennas. Data is encoded using a space–time block code and the encoded data is split into � streams which are simultaneously transmitted using � transmit antennas. ..."
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Cited by 1509 (42 self)
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Abstract — We introduce space–time block coding, a new paradigm for communication over Rayleigh fading channels using multiple transmit antennas. Data is encoded using a space–time block code and the encoded data is split into � streams which are simultaneously transmitted using � transmit antennas
Learning the Kernel Matrix with SemiDefinite Programming
, 2002
"... Kernelbased learning algorithms work by embedding the data into a Euclidean space, and then searching for linear relations among the embedded data points. The embedding is performed implicitly, by specifying the inner products between each pair of points in the embedding space. This information ..."
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Cited by 780 (22 self)
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is contained in the socalled kernel matrix, a symmetric and positive definite matrix that encodes the relative positions of all points. Specifying this matrix amounts to specifying the geometry of the embedding space and inducing a notion of similarity in the input spaceclassical model selection
A New Method for Solving Hard Satisfiability Problems
 AAAI
, 1992
"... We introduce a greedy local search procedure called GSAT for solving propositional satisfiability problems. Our experiments show that this procedure can be used to solve hard, randomly generated problems that are an order of magnitude larger than those that can be handled by more traditional approac ..."
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Cited by 734 (21 self)
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approaches such as the DavisPutnam procedure or resolution. We also show that GSAT can solve structured satisfiability problems quickly. In particular, we solve encodings of graph coloring problems, Nqueens, and Boolean induction. General application strategies and limitations of the approach are also
Text Chunking using TransformationBased Learning
, 1995
"... Eric Brill introduced transformationbased learning and showed that it can do partofspeech tagging with fairly high accuracy. The same method can be applied at a higher level of textual interpretation for locating chunks in the tagged text, including nonrecursive "baseNP" chunks. For ..."
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Cited by 509 (0 self)
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. For this purpose, it is convenient to view chunking as a tagging problem by encoding the chunk structure in new tags attached to each word. In automatic tests using Treebankderived data, this technique achieved recall and precision rates of roughly 92% for baseNP chunks and 88% for somewhat more complex chunks
Results 1  10
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772,831