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Efficient implementation of a BDD package
 In Proceedings of the 27th ACM/IEEE conference on Design autamation
, 1991
"... Efficient manipulation of Boolean functions is an important component of many computeraided design tasks. This paper describes a package for manipulating Boolean functions based on the reduced, ordered, binary decision diagram (ROBDD) representation. The package is based on an efficient implementat ..."
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Cited by 500 (9 self)
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Efficient manipulation of Boolean functions is an important component of many computeraided design tasks. This paper describes a package for manipulating Boolean functions based on the reduced, ordered, binary decision diagram (ROBDD) representation. The package is based on an efficient
Efficient and Effective Querying by Image Content
 Journal of Intelligent Information Systems
, 1994
"... In the QBIC (Query By Image Content) project we are studying methods to query large online image databases using the images' content as the basis of the queries. Examples of the content we use include color, texture, and shape of image objects and regions. Potential applications include med ..."
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Cited by 500 (13 self)
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, and of images of airplane silhouettes. We also consider the efficient indexing of these features, specifically addre...
The Design and Use of Steerable Filters
 IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
, 1991
"... Oriented filters are useful in many early vision and image processing tasks. One often needs to apply the same filter, rotated to different angles under adaptive control, or wishes to calculate the filter response at various orientations. We present an efficient architecture to synthesize filters of ..."
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Cited by 1079 (11 self)
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Oriented filters are useful in many early vision and image processing tasks. One often needs to apply the same filter, rotated to different angles under adaptive control, or wishes to calculate the filter response at various orientations. We present an efficient architecture to synthesize filters
An EnergyEfficient MAC Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks
, 2002
"... This paper proposes SMAC, a mediumaccess control (MAC) protocol designed for wireless sensor networks. Wireless sensor networks use batteryoperated computing and sensing devices. A network of these devices will collaborate for a common application such as environmental monitoring. We expect senso ..."
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Cited by 1488 (37 self)
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This paper proposes SMAC, a mediumaccess control (MAC) protocol designed for wireless sensor networks. Wireless sensor networks use batteryoperated computing and sensing devices. A network of these devices will collaborate for a common application such as environmental monitoring. We expect
Market Efficiency, LongTerm Returns, and Behavioral Finance
, 1998
"... Market efficiency survives the challenge from the literature on longterm return anomalies. Consistent with the market efficiency hypothesis that the anomalies are chance results, apparent overreaction to information is about as common as underreaction, and postevent continuation of preevent abnor ..."
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Cited by 749 (4 self)
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Market efficiency survives the challenge from the literature on longterm return anomalies. Consistent with the market efficiency hypothesis that the anomalies are chance results, apparent overreaction to information is about as common as underreaction, and postevent continuation of pre
Designing Games With A Purpose
, 2008
"... Data generated as a side effect of game play also solves computational problems and trains AI algorithms. ..."
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Cited by 524 (2 self)
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Data generated as a side effect of game play also solves computational problems and trains AI algorithms.
Theoretical improvements in algorithmic efficiency for network flow problems

, 1972
"... This paper presents new algorithms for the maximum flow problem, the Hitchcock transportation problem, and the general minimumcost flow problem. Upper bounds on ... the numbers of steps in these algorithms are derived, and are shown to compale favorably with upper bounds on the numbers of steps req ..."
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Cited by 565 (0 self)
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This paper presents new algorithms for the maximum flow problem, the Hitchcock transportation problem, and the general minimumcost flow problem. Upper bounds on ... the numbers of steps in these algorithms are derived, and are shown to compale favorably with upper bounds on the numbers of steps required by earlier algorithms. First, the paper states the maximum flow problem, gives the FordFulkerson labeling method for its solution, and points out that an improper choice of flow augmenting paths can lead to severe computational difficulties. Then rules of choice that avoid these difficulties are given. We show that, if each flow augmentation is made along an augmenting path having a minimum number of arcs, then a maximum flow in an nnode network will be obtained after no more than ~(n a n) augmentations; and then we show that if each flow change is chosen to produce a maximum increase in the flow value then, provided the capacities are integral, a maximum flow will be determined within at most 1 + logM/(M1) if(t, S) augmentations, wheref*(t, s) is the value of the maximum flow and M is the maximum number of arcs across a cut. Next a new algorithm is given for the minimumcost flow problem, in which all shortestpath computations are performed on networks with all weights nonnegative. In particular, this
Random Oracles are Practical: A Paradigm for Designing Efficient Protocols
, 1995
"... We argue that the random oracle model  where all parties have access to a public random oracle  provides a bridge between cryptographic theory and cryptographic practice. In the paradigm we suggest, a practical protocol P is produced by first devising and proving correct a protocol P R for the ..."
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Cited by 1643 (75 self)
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for the random oracle model, and then replacing oracle accesses by the computation of an "appropriately chosen" function h. This paradigm yields protocols much more efficient than standard ones while retaining many of the advantages of provable security. We illustrate these gains for problems including
LowPower CMOS Digital Design
 JOURNAL OF SOLIDSTATE CIRCUITS. VOL 27, NO 4. APRIL 1992 413
, 1992
"... Motivated by emerging batteryoperated applications that demand intensive computation in portable environments, techniques are investigated which reduce power consumption in CMOS digital circuits while maintaining computational throughput. Techniques for lowpower operation are shown which use the ..."
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Cited by 570 (20 self)
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Motivated by emerging batteryoperated applications that demand intensive computation in portable environments, techniques are investigated which reduce power consumption in CMOS digital circuits while maintaining computational throughput. Techniques for lowpower operation are shown which use the lowest possible supply voltage coupled with architectural, logic style, circuit, and technology optimizations. An architecturalbased scaling strategy is presented which indicates that the optimum voltage is much lower than that determined by other scaling considerations. This optimum is achieved by trading increased silicon area for reduced power consumption.
Efficient Variants of the ICP Algorithm
 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON 3D DIGITAL IMAGING AND MODELING
, 2001
"... The ICP (Iterative Closest Point) algorithm is widely used for geometric alignment of threedimensional models when an initial estimate of the relative pose is known. Many variants of ICP have been proposed, affecting all phases of the algorithm from the selection and matching of points to the minim ..."
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Cited by 702 (5 self)
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The ICP (Iterative Closest Point) algorithm is widely used for geometric alignment of threedimensional models when an initial estimate of the relative pose is known. Many variants of ICP have been proposed, affecting all phases of the algorithm from the selection and matching of points to the minimization strategy. We enumerate and classify many of these variants, and evaluate their effect on the speed with which the correct alignment is reached. In order to improve convergence for nearlyflat meshes with small features, such as inscribed surfaces, we introduce a new variant based on uniform sampling of the space of normals. We conclude by proposing a combination of ICP variants optimized for high speed. We demonstrate an implementation that is able to align two range images in a few tens of milliseconds, assuming a good initial guess. This capability has potential application to realtime 3D model acquisition and modelbased tracking.
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