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How bad is selfish routing?
 JOURNAL OF THE ACM
, 2002
"... We consider the problem of routing traffic to optimize the performance of a congested network. We are given a network, a rate of traffic between each pair of nodes, and a latency function for each edge specifying the time needed to traverse the edge given its congestion; the objective is to route t ..."
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Cited by 657 (27 self)
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We consider the problem of routing traffic to optimize the performance of a congested network. We are given a network, a rate of traffic between each pair of nodes, and a latency function for each edge specifying the time needed to traverse the edge given its congestion; the objective is to route
Semantic similarity based on corpus statistics and lexical taxonomy
 Proc of 10th International Conference on Research in Computational Linguistics, ROCLING’97
, 1997
"... This paper presents a new approach for measuring semantic similarity/distance between words and concepts. It combines a lexical taxonomy structure with corpus statistical information so that the semantic distance between nodes in the semantic space constructed by the taxonomy can be better quantifie ..."
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Cited by 873 (0 self)
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quantified with the computational evidence derived from a distributional analysis of corpus data. Specifically, the proposed measure is a combined approach that inherits the edgebased approach of the edge counting scheme, which is then enhanced by the nodebased approach of the information content
Surface Simplification Using Quadric Error Metrics
"... Many applications in computer graphics require complex, highly detailed models. However, the level of detail actually necessary may vary considerably. To control processing time, it is often desirable to use approximations in place of excessively detailed models. We have developed a surface simplifi ..."
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Cited by 1174 (16 self)
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simplification algorithm which can rapidly produce high quality approximations of polygonal models. The algorithm uses iterative contractions of vertex pairs to simplify models and maintains surface error approximations using quadric matrices. By contracting arbitrary vertex pairs (not just edges), our algorithm
Semantic Similarity in a Taxonomy: An InformationBased Measure and its Application to Problems of Ambiguity in Natural Language
, 1999
"... This article presents a measure of semantic similarityinanisa taxonomy based on the notion of shared information content. Experimental evaluation against a benchmark set of human similarity judgments demonstrates that the measure performs better than the traditional edgecounting approach. The a ..."
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Cited by 609 (9 self)
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This article presents a measure of semantic similarityinanisa taxonomy based on the notion of shared information content. Experimental evaluation against a benchmark set of human similarity judgments demonstrates that the measure performs better than the traditional edgecounting approach
Fibonacci Heaps and Their Uses in Improved Network optimization algorithms
, 1987
"... In this paper we develop a new data structure for implementing heaps (priority queues). Our structure, Fibonacci heaps (abbreviated Fheaps), extends the binomial queues proposed by Vuillemin and studied further by Brown. Fheaps support arbitrary deletion from an nitem heap in qlogn) amortized tim ..."
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Cited by 739 (18 self)
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in the problem graph: ( 1) O(n log n + m) for the singlesource shortest path problem with nonnegative edge lengths, improved from O(m logfmh+2)n); (2) O(n*log n + nm) for the allpairs shortest path problem, improved from O(nm lo&,,,+2,n); (3) O(n*logn + nm) for the assignment problem (weighted bipartite
Finding the k Shortest Paths
, 1997
"... We give algorithms for finding the k shortest paths (not required to be simple) connecting a pair of vertices in a digraph. Our algorithms output an implicit representation of these paths in a digraph with n vertices and m edges, in time O(m + n log n + k). We can also find the k shortest pat ..."
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Cited by 401 (2 self)
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We give algorithms for finding the k shortest paths (not required to be simple) connecting a pair of vertices in a digraph. Our algorithms output an implicit representation of these paths in a digraph with n vertices and m edges, in time O(m + n log n + k). We can also find the k shortest
An Experimental Comparison of Four Unit Test Criteria: Mutation, EdgePair, Alluses and Prime Path Coverage
"... With recent increased expectations for quality, and the growth of agile processes and test driven development, developers are expected to do more and more effective unit testing. Yet, our knowledge of when to use the various unit level test criteria is incomplete. The paper presents results from a c ..."
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Cited by 14 (5 self)
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With recent increased expectations for quality, and the growth of agile processes and test driven development, developers are expected to do more and more effective unit testing. Yet, our knowledge of when to use the various unit level test criteria is incomplete. The paper presents results from a comparison of four unit level software testing criteria. Mutation testing, prime path coverage, edgepair coverage, and alluses testing were compared on two bases: the number of seeded faults found and the number of tests needed to satisfy the criteria. The comparison used a collection of Java classes taken from various sources and handseeded faults. Tests were designed and generated mostly by hand with help from tools that compute test requirements and muJava. The findings are that mutation tests detected more faults and the other three criteria were very similar. The paper also presents a secondary measure, a cost benefit ratio, computed as the number of tests needed to detect each fault. Surprisingly, mutation required the fewest number of tests. The paper also discusses some specific faults that were not found and presents analysis for why not. 1
Minimal EdgeCoverings of Pairs of Sets
, 1995
"... A new minmax theorem concerning bisupermodular functions on pairs of sets is proved. As a special case, we derive an extension of (A. Lubiw's extension of) E. Györi's theorem on intervals, W. Mader's theorem on splitting off edges in directed graphs, J. Edmonds' theorem on matr ..."
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Cited by 68 (15 self)
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A new minmax theorem concerning bisupermodular functions on pairs of sets is proved. As a special case, we derive an extension of (A. Lubiw's extension of) E. Györi's theorem on intervals, W. Mader's theorem on splitting off edges in directed graphs, J. Edmonds' theorem
When trees collide: An approximation algorithm for the generalized Steiner problem on networks
, 1994
"... We give the first approximation algorithm for the generalized network Steiner problem, a problem in network design. An instance consists of a network with linkcosts and, for each pair fi; jg of nodes, an edgeconnectivity requirement r ij . The goal is to find a minimumcost network using the a ..."
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Cited by 249 (38 self)
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We give the first approximation algorithm for the generalized network Steiner problem, a problem in network design. An instance consists of a network with linkcosts and, for each pair fi; jg of nodes, an edgeconnectivity requirement r ij . The goal is to find a minimumcost network using
An Approximate MaxFlow MinCut Theorem for Uniform Multicommodity Flow Problems with Applications to Approximation Algorithms
, 1989
"... In this paper, we consider a multicommodity flow problem where for each pair of vertices, (u,v), we are required to sendf halfunits of commodity (uv) from u to v and f halfunits of commodity (vu) from v to u without violating capacity constraints. Our main result is an algorithm for performing th9 ..."
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Cited by 246 (12 self)
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In this paper, we consider a multicommodity flow problem where for each pair of vertices, (u,v), we are required to sendf halfunits of commodity (uv) from u to v and f halfunits of commodity (vu) from v to u without violating capacity constraints. Our main result is an algorithm for performing th
Results 1  10
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3,968