### Table 3. Effect of Economic Performance on Incumbent Votes in National Elections (t-statistic in parenthesis) Variable Average in early years t-1

in Decentralization and Accountability: Are Voters More Vigilant in Local than in National Elections?

"... In PAGE 11: ... After controlling for growth and inequality, there is no significant effect of local poverty and inflation on support for the incumbent. In Table3 we show the estimates for the effect of economic conditions on the proportion of votes received by incumbents in national elections. There is no effect of local growth, but voters punish national incumbents for high inflation just before elections.... ..."

### Table 5. Effect of Fiscal Variables on Incumbent Votes in Local Elections (t-statistic in parenthesis) Variable Average in early years t-1

in Decentralization and Accountability: Are Voters More Vigilant in Local than in National Elections?

"... In PAGE 14: ... In any case, the fact that only observations just before elections matter for voter response once again confirms that voters are more myopic in national elections. Table5 presents a regression on incumbent votes in local elections that adds state fiscal variables to specification (1). There is no evidence that populist spending increases or tax breaks just before elections leads to greater support for the incumbent.... ..."

### Table A.1 Full Regression on Incumbent Votes in Local Elections (t-statistic in parenthesis) Variable Avg. in early years t-1

in Decentralization and Accountability: Are Voters More Vigilant in Local than in National Elections?

### Table A.2 Full Regression on Incumbent Votes in National Elections (t-statistic in parenthesis) Variable Avg. in early years t-1

### Table A.3 Incumbent Votes in Scheduled Local Elections (t-statistic in parenthesis) Variable Avg. in early years t-1

### Table A.4 Incumbent Votes in Scheduled National Elections (t-statistic in parenthesis) Variable Avg. in early years t-1

### Table 1: The number of rings recovered during the jth year of recovery, i j 4, following ringing early in the ith year, 1 i 3.

1995

"... In PAGE 2: ... The use of the Matlab programming environment is illustrated by tting a simple model to some recapture data on herring gulls (Larus argentatus). 1 Introduction Table1 shows an (arti cial) example of a ring-recovery study with birds ringed as nestlings for 3 successive years, and recoveries recorded for the 4 years following the initial ringing. A typical Freeman-Morgan (Freeman and Morgan, 1992) model for such a data set is as follows.... In PAGE 3: ...Table 2: The recovery probabilities for the data in Table1 , assuming a Freeman-Morgan T/A/C model. and Morgan (1994), this is model T/A/C (for Time/Age/Constant).... In PAGE 4: ... Steps II{IV can be generic programs, based on a given probability matrix P . Matlab apos;s basic data structure is a matrix, which makes the inputting of a recovery matrix such as that shown in Table1 particularly simple. Table 3 shows the Matlab data le for a ring-recovery study on grey herons (data from Freeman and North, 1990).... ..."

Cited by 1

### Table S1 Key Policy Measures in Speeding the Reconstruction of War-Torn Economies Early measures (years 1-2) Later measures (years 3-5)

1998

### Table 2. Early parametric models Model Year System Development Corporation1 1965 Martin Marietta2 PRICE H 1973

"... In PAGE 3: ... The current era is discussed in the final section on challenges for the future. Early achievements: 1965-1985 The earliest achievements in software resource estimation are tied to specific models developed, calibrated, and published as early as 1965, the most prominent of which are shown in Table2 . This constellation of models mark the first generation of parametric models and played an important role in establishing the field.... ..."