Results 1  10
of
7,530
Features of similarity.
 Psychological Review
, 1977
"... Similarity plays a fundamental role in theories of knowledge and behavior. It serves as an organizing principle by which individuals classify objects, form concepts, and make generalizations. Indeed, the concept of similarity is ubiquitous in psychological theory. It underlies the accounts of stimu ..."
Abstract

Cited by 1455 (2 self)
 Add to MetaCart
treelike structures rather than dimensionally organized spaces. However, most theoretical and empirical analyses of similarity assume that objects can be adequately represented as points in some coordinate space and that dissimilarity behaves like a metric distance function. Both dimensional
Mtree: An Efficient Access Method for Similarity Search in Metric Spaces
, 1997
"... A new access meth d, called Mtree, is proposed to organize and search large data sets from a generic "metric space", i.e. whE4 object proximity is only defined by a distance function satisfyingth positivity, symmetry, and triangle inequality postulates. We detail algorith[ for insertion o ..."
Abstract

Cited by 663 (38 self)
 Add to MetaCart
A new access meth d, called Mtree, is proposed to organize and search large data sets from a generic "metric space", i.e. whE4 object proximity is only defined by a distance function satisfyingth positivity, symmetry, and triangle inequality postulates. We detail algorith[ for insertion
Distance metric learning, with application to clustering with sideinformation,”
 in Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 15,
, 2002
"... Abstract Many algorithms rely critically on being given a good metric over their inputs. For instance, data can often be clustered in many "plausible" ways, and if a clustering algorithm such as Kmeans initially fails to find one that is meaningful to a user, the only recourse may be for ..."
Abstract

Cited by 818 (13 self)
 Add to MetaCart
be for the user to manually tweak the input space's metric until sufficiently good clusters are found. For these and other applications requiring good metrics, it is desirable that we provide a more systematic way for users to indicate what they consider "similar." For instance, we may ask them
Similarity search in high dimensions via hashing
, 1999
"... The nearest or nearneighbor query problems arise in a large variety of database applications, usually in the context of similarity searching. Of late, there has been increasing interest in building search/index structures for performing similarity search over highdimensional data, e.g., image dat ..."
Abstract

Cited by 641 (10 self)
 Add to MetaCart
The nearest or nearneighbor query problems arise in a large variety of database applications, usually in the context of similarity searching. Of late, there has been increasing interest in building search/index structures for performing similarity search over highdimensional data, e.g., image
Similarity Flooding: A Versatile Graph Matching Algorithm and Its Application to Schema Matching
, 2002
"... Matching elements of two data schemas or two data instances plays a key role in data warehousing, ebusiness, or even biochemical applications. In this paper we present a matching algorithm based on a fixpoint computation that is usable across different scenarios. The algorithm takes two graphs (sch ..."
Abstract

Cited by 592 (12 self)
 Add to MetaCart
matter of fact, we evaluate the ‘accuracy ’ of the algorithm by counting the number of needed adjustments. We conducted a user study, in which our accuracy metric was used to estimate the labor savings that the users could obtain by utilizing our algorithm to obtain an initial matching. Finally, we
Searching in metric spaces
, 2001
"... The problem of searching the elements of a set that are close to a given query element under some similarity criterion has a vast number of applications in many branches of computer science, from pattern recognition to textual and multimedia information retrieval. We are interested in the rather gen ..."
Abstract

Cited by 436 (38 self)
 Add to MetaCart
general case where the similarity criterion defines a metric space, instead of the more restricted case of a vector space. Many solutions have been proposed in different areas, in many cases without crossknowledge. Because of this, the same ideas have been reconceived several times, and very different
Similarity estimation techniques from rounding algorithms
 In Proc. of 34th STOC
, 2002
"... A locality sensitive hashing scheme is a distribution on a family F of hash functions operating on a collection of objects, such that for two objects x, y, Prh∈F[h(x) = h(y)] = sim(x,y), where sim(x,y) ∈ [0, 1] is some similarity function defined on the collection of objects. Such a scheme leads ..."
Abstract

Cited by 449 (6 self)
 Add to MetaCart
vectors, as well as a simple alternative to minwise independent permutations for estimating set similarity. 2. A collection of distributions on n points in a metric space, with distance between distributions measured by the Earth Mover Distance (EMD), (a popular distance measure in graphics and vision
KernelBased Object Tracking
, 2003
"... A new approach toward target representation and localization, the central component in visual tracking of nonrigid objects, is proposed. The feature histogram based target representations are regularized by spatial masking with an isotropic kernel. The masking induces spatiallysmooth similarity fu ..."
Abstract

Cited by 900 (4 self)
 Add to MetaCart
functions suitable for gradientbased optimization, hence, the target localization problem can be formulated using the basin of attraction of the local maxima. We employ a metric derived from the Bhattacharyya coefficient as similarity measure, and use the mean shift procedure to perform the optimization
Robust wide baseline stereo from maximally stable extremal regions
 In Proc. BMVC
, 2002
"... The widebaseline stereo problem, i.e. the problem of establishing correspondences between a pair of images taken from different viewpoints is studied. A new set of image elements that are put into correspondence, the so called extremal regions, is introduced. Extremal regions possess highly desir ..."
Abstract

Cited by 1016 (35 self)
 Add to MetaCart
subset of extremal regions, the maximally stable extremal regions (MSER). A new robust similarity measure for establishing tentative correspondences is proposed. The robustness ensures that invariants from multiple measurement regions (regions obtained by invariant constructions from extremal regions
The use of MMR, diversitybased reranking for reordering documents and producing summaries
 In SIGIR
, 1998
"... jadeQcs.cmu.edu Abstract This paper presents a method for combining queryrelevance with informationnovelty in the context of text retrieval and summarization. The Maximal Marginal Relevance (MMR) criterion strives to reduce redundancy while maintaining query relevance in reranking retrieved docum ..."
Abstract

Cited by 768 (14 self)
 Add to MetaCart
relevance to the user’s query. In contrast, we motivated the need for “relevant novelty ” as a potentially superior criterion. A first approximation to measuring relevant novelty is to measure relevance and novelty independently and provide a linear combination as the metric. We call the linear combination
Results 1  10
of
7,530