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Distributed Field Estimation Algorithms in Vehicular Sensor Networks
"... Abstract—This paper deals with cooperative reconstruction of environmental variables (e.g., temperature) along a road by a vehicular sensor network using wireless communication. Vehicles take repeated measurements and approximate the environment using a set of basis functions. We investigate the app ..."
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Cited by 1 (0 self)
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Abstract—This paper deals with cooperative reconstruction of environmental variables (e.g., temperature) along a road by a vehicular sensor network using wireless communication. Vehicles take repeated measurements and approximate the environment using a set of basis functions. We investigate the applicability and performance of popular averaging techniques (gossiping and consensus propagation) on the basis coefficients, and propose a simpler approach to avoid divergence problems. We have developed a graphical simulation environment to study the behavior of different algorithms in this scenario and we show simulation results which support our simplified approach. Index Terms—wireless sensor network, mobile sensors, gossip algorithm, consensus propagation I.
Inducing Features of Random Fields
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PATTERN ANALYSIS AND MACHINE INTELLIGENCE
, 1997
"... We present a technique for constructing random fields from a set of training samples. The learning paradigm builds increasingly complex fields by allowing potential functions, or features, that are supported by increasingly large subgraphs. Each feature has a weight that is trained by minimizing the ..."
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Cited by 670 (10 self)
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the KullbackLeibler divergence between the model and the empirical distribution of the training data. A greedy algorithm determines how features are incrementally added to the field and an iterative scaling algorithm is used to estimate the optimal values of the weights. The random field models and techniques
Estimating the Support of a HighDimensional Distribution
, 1999
"... Suppose you are given some dataset drawn from an underlying probability distribution P and you want to estimate a "simple" subset S of input space such that the probability that a test point drawn from P lies outside of S is bounded by some a priori specified between 0 and 1. We propo ..."
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Cited by 783 (29 self)
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Suppose you are given some dataset drawn from an underlying probability distribution P and you want to estimate a "simple" subset S of input space such that the probability that a test point drawn from P lies outside of S is bounded by some a priori specified between 0 and 1. We
Stochastic relaxation, Gibbs distributions and the Bayesian restoration of images.
 IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell.
, 1984
"... AbstractWe make an analogy between images and statistical mechanics systems. Pixel gray levels and the presence and orientation of edges are viewed as states of atoms or molecules in a latticelike physical system. The assignment of an energy function in the physical system determines its Gibbs di ..."
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Cited by 5126 (1 self)
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distribution. Because of the Gibbs distribution, Markov random field (MRF) equivalence, this assignment also determines an MRF image model. The energy function is a more convenient and natural mechanism for embodying picture attributes than are the local characteristics of the MRF. For a range of degradation
Estimation and Inference in Econometrics
, 1993
"... The astonishing increase in computer performance over the past two decades has made it possible for economists to base many statistical inferences on simulated, or bootstrap, distributions rather than on distributions obtained from asymptotic theory. In this paper, I review some of the basic ideas o ..."
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Cited by 1204 (4 self)
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The astonishing increase in computer performance over the past two decades has made it possible for economists to base many statistical inferences on simulated, or bootstrap, distributions rather than on distributions obtained from asymptotic theory. In this paper, I review some of the basic ideas
Powerlaw distributions in empirical data
 ISSN 00361445. doi: 10.1137/ 070710111. URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1137/070710111
, 2009
"... Powerlaw distributions occur in many situations of scientific interest and have significant consequences for our understanding of natural and manmade phenomena. Unfortunately, the empirical detection and characterization of power laws is made difficult by the large fluctuations that occur in the t ..."
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Cited by 607 (7 self)
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in the tail of the distribution. In particular, standard methods such as leastsquares fitting are known to produce systematically biased estimates of parameters for powerlaw distributions and should not be used in most circumstances. Here we describe statistical techniques for making accurate parameter
Distributed Computing in Practice: The Condor Experience
, 2005
"... Since 1984, the Condor project has enabled ordinary users to do extraordinary computing. Today, the project continues to explore the social and technical problems of cooperative computing on scales ranging from the desktop to the worldwide computational Grid. In this paper, we provide the history a ..."
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Cited by 551 (8 self)
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and philosophy of the Condor project and describe how it has interacted with other projects and evolved along with the field of distributed computing. We outline the core components of the Condor system and describe how the technology of computing must correspond to social structures. Throughout, we reflect
Bayesian density estimation and inference using mixtures.
 J. Amer. Statist. Assoc.
, 1995
"... JSTOR is a notforprofit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new forms of scholarship. For more information about J ..."
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Cited by 653 (18 self)
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mixtures of normal distributions. Efficient simulation methods are used to approximate various prior, posterior, and predictive distributions. This allows for direct inference on a variety of practical issues, including problems of local versus global smoothing, uncertainty about density estimates
Markov Random Field Models in Computer Vision
, 1994
"... . A variety of computer vision problems can be optimally posed as Bayesian labeling in which the solution of a problem is defined as the maximum a posteriori (MAP) probability estimate of the true labeling. The posterior probability is usually derived from a prior model and a likelihood model. The l ..."
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Cited by 516 (18 self)
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. A variety of computer vision problems can be optimally posed as Bayesian labeling in which the solution of a problem is defined as the maximum a posteriori (MAP) probability estimate of the true labeling. The posterior probability is usually derived from a prior model and a likelihood model
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