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1,428,056
Maximum likelihood from incomplete data via the EM algorithm
 JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL STATISTICAL SOCIETY, SERIES B
, 1977
"... A broadly applicable algorithm for computing maximum likelihood estimates from incomplete data is presented at various levels of generality. Theory showing the monotone behaviour of the likelihood and convergence of the algorithm is derived. Many examples are sketched, including missing value situat ..."
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Cited by 11962 (17 self)
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A broadly applicable algorithm for computing maximum likelihood estimates from incomplete data is presented at various levels of generality. Theory showing the monotone behaviour of the likelihood and convergence of the algorithm is derived. Many examples are sketched, including missing value
Large N field theories, string theory and gravity
, 2001
"... We review the holographic correspondence between field theories and string/M theory, focusing on the relation between compactifications of string/M theory on Antide Sitter spaces and conformal field theories. We review the background for this correspondence and discuss its motivations and the evide ..."
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Cited by 1443 (45 self)
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and the evidence for its correctness. We describe the main results that have been derived from the correspondence in the regime that the field theory is approximated by classical or semiclassical gravity. We focus on the case of the N = 4 supersymmetric gauge theory in four dimensions, but we discuss also field
ScaleSpace Theory in Computer Vision
, 1994
"... A basic problem when deriving information from measured data, such as images, originates from the fact that objects in the world, and hence image structures, exist as meaningful entities only over certain ranges of scale. "ScaleSpace Theory in Computer Vision" describes a formal theory fo ..."
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Cited by 628 (21 self)
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A basic problem when deriving information from measured data, such as images, originates from the fact that objects in the world, and hence image structures, exist as meaningful entities only over certain ranges of scale. "ScaleSpace Theory in Computer Vision" describes a formal theory
A theory of social comparison processes,”
 Human Relations,
, 1954
"... In this paper we shall present a further development of a previously published theory concerning opinion influence processes in social groups (7). This further development has enabled us to extend the theory to deal with other areas, in addition to opinion formation, in which social comparison is i ..."
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Cited by 1313 (0 self)
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whether or not the theory or hypothesis fits one's intuition or one's common sense. In this meaning much of the theory which is to be presented here is not" plausible ". The theory does, however, explain a considerable amount of data and leads to testable derivations. Three experiments
New results in linear filtering and prediction theory
 TRANS. ASME, SER. D, J. BASIC ENG
, 1961
"... A nonlinear differential equation of the Riccati type is derived for the covariance matrix of the optimal filtering error. The solution of this "variance equation " completely specifies the optimal filter for either finite or infinite smoothing intervals and stationary or nonstationary sta ..."
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Cited by 605 (0 self)
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A nonlinear differential equation of the Riccati type is derived for the covariance matrix of the optimal filtering error. The solution of this "variance equation " completely specifies the optimal filter for either finite or infinite smoothing intervals and stationary or nonstationary
Selfefficacy: Toward a unifying theory of behavioral change
 Psychological Review
, 1977
"... The present article presents an integrative theoretical framework to explain and to predict psychological changes achieved by different modes of treatment. This theory states that psychological procedures, whatever their form, alter the level and strength of selfefficacy. It is hypothesized that ex ..."
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Cited by 3681 (4 self)
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The present article presents an integrative theoretical framework to explain and to predict psychological changes achieved by different modes of treatment. This theory states that psychological procedures, whatever their form, alter the level and strength of selfefficacy. It is hypothesized
Recognitionbycomponents: A theory of human image understanding
 Psychological Review
, 1987
"... The perceptual recognition of objects is conceptualized to be a process in which the image of the input is segmented at regions of deep concavity into an arrangement of simple geometric components, such as blocks, cylinders, wedges, and cones. The fundamental assumption of the proposed theory, recog ..."
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Cited by 1267 (23 self)
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The perceptual recognition of objects is conceptualized to be a process in which the image of the input is segmented at regions of deep concavity into an arrangement of simple geometric components, such as blocks, cylinders, wedges, and cones. The fundamental assumption of the proposed theory
Valuing American options by simulation: A simple leastsquares approach
 Review of Financial Studies
, 2001
"... This article presents a simple yet powerful new approach for approximating the value of America11 options by simulation. The kcy to this approach is the use of least squares to estimate the conditional expected payoff to the optionholder from continuation. This makes this approach readily applicable ..."
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Cited by 515 (9 self)
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factor string model of the term structure. One of the most important problems in option pricing theory is the valuation and optimal exercise of derivatives with Americanstyle exercise features. These types of derivatives are found in all major financial markets including the equity, commodity, foreign
AgentSpeak(L): BDI Agents speak out in a logical computable language
, 1996
"... BeliefDesireIntention (BDI) agents have been investigated by many researchers from both a theoretical specification perspective and a practical design perspective. However, there still remains a large gap between theory and practice. The main reason for this has been the complexity of theoremprov ..."
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Cited by 514 (2 self)
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BeliefDesireIntention (BDI) agents have been investigated by many researchers from both a theoretical specification perspective and a practical design perspective. However, there still remains a large gap between theory and practice. The main reason for this has been the complexity of theorem
Games with Incomplete Information Played by 'Bayesian' Players, IIII
 MANAGEMENT SCIENCE
, 1967
"... The paper develops a new theory for the analysis of games with incomplete information where the players are uncertain about some important parameters of the game situation, such as the payoff functions, the strategies available to various players, the information other players have about the game, e ..."
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Cited by 782 (2 self)
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probability distributions derived from a certain "basic probability distribution " over the parameters unknown to the various players But later the theory is extended also to cases where the different players' subjective probability distributions fail to satisfy this consistency assumption
Results 1  10
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