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Testing for Common Trends
 Journal of the American Statistical Association
, 1988
"... Cointegrated multiple time series share at least one common trend. Two tests are developed for the number of common stochastic trends (i.e., for the order of cointegration) in a multiple time series with and without drift. Both tests involve the roots of the ordinary least squares coefficient matrix ..."
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Cited by 455 (7 self)
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firstorder autocorrelation matrix, where the correction is essentially a sum of the autocovariance matrices. Previous researchers have found that U.S. postwar interest rates, taken individually, appear to be integrated of order 1. In addition, the theory of the term structure implies that yields
Compressive sampling
, 2006
"... Conventional wisdom and common practice in acquisition and reconstruction of images from frequency data follow the basic principle of the Nyquist density sampling theory. This principle states that to reconstruct an image, the number of Fourier samples we need to acquire must match the desired res ..."
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Cited by 1427 (15 self)
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Conventional wisdom and common practice in acquisition and reconstruction of images from frequency data follow the basic principle of the Nyquist density sampling theory. This principle states that to reconstruct an image, the number of Fourier samples we need to acquire must match the desired
A firstorder primaldual algorithm for convex problems with applications to imaging
, 2010
"... In this paper we study a firstorder primaldual algorithm for convex optimization problems with known saddlepoint structure. We prove convergence to a saddlepoint with rate O(1/N) in finite dimensions, which is optimal for the complete class of nonsmooth problems we are considering in this paper ..."
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Cited by 435 (20 self)
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In this paper we study a firstorder primaldual algorithm for convex optimization problems with known saddlepoint structure. We prove convergence to a saddlepoint with rate O(1/N) in finite dimensions, which is optimal for the complete class of nonsmooth problems we are considering
Solving multiclass learning problems via errorcorrecting output codes
 JOURNAL OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE RESEARCH
, 1995
"... Multiclass learning problems involve nding a de nition for an unknown function f(x) whose range is a discrete set containing k>2values (i.e., k \classes"). The de nition is acquired by studying collections of training examples of the form hx i;f(x i)i. Existing approaches to multiclass l ..."
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Cited by 730 (8 self)
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output representations. This paper compares these three approaches to a new technique in which errorcorrecting codes are employed as a distributed output representation. We show that these output representations improve the generalization performance of both C4.5 and backpropagation on a wide range
Good ErrorCorrecting Codes based on Very Sparse Matrices
, 1999
"... We study two families of errorcorrecting codes defined in terms of very sparse matrices. "MN" (MacKayNeal) codes are recently invented, and "Gallager codes" were first investigated in 1962, but appear to have been largely forgotten, in spite of their excellent properties. The ..."
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Cited by 741 (23 self)
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We study two families of errorcorrecting codes defined in terms of very sparse matrices. "MN" (MacKayNeal) codes are recently invented, and "Gallager codes" were first investigated in 1962, but appear to have been largely forgotten, in spite of their excellent properties
SMOTE: Synthetic Minority Oversampling Technique
 Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research
, 2002
"... An approach to the construction of classifiers from imbalanced datasets is described. A dataset is imbalanced if the classification categories are not approximately equally represented. Often realworld data sets are predominately composed of ``normal'' examples with only a small percentag ..."
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Cited by 614 (28 self)
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percentage of ``abnormal'' or ``interesting'' examples. It is also the case that the cost of misclassifying an abnormal (interesting) example as a normal example is often much higher than the cost of the reverse error. Undersampling of the majority (normal) class has been proposed as a
Texture Synthesis by Nonparametric Sampling
 In International Conference on Computer Vision
, 1999
"... A nonparametric method for texture synthesis is proposed. The texture synthesis process grows a new image outward from an initial seed, one pixel at a time. A Markov random field model is assumed, and the conditional distribution of a pixel given all its neighbors synthesized so far is estimated by ..."
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Cited by 1014 (7 self)
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by querying the sample image and finding all similar neighborhoods. The degree of randomness is controlled by a single perceptually intuitive parameter. The method aims at preserving as much local structure as possible and produces good results for a wide variety of synthetic and realworld textures. 1
How much should we trust differencesindifferences estimates? Quarterly Journal of Economics 119:249–75
, 2004
"... Most papers that employ DifferencesinDifferences estimation (DD) use many years of data and focus on serially correlated outcomes but ignore that the resulting standard errors are inconsistent. To illustrate the severity of this issue, we randomly generate placebo laws in statelevel data on fema ..."
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Cited by 775 (1 self)
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into account the autocorrelation of the data) works well when the number of states is large enough. Two corrections based on asymptotic approximation of the variancecovariance matrix work well for moderate numbers of states and one correction that collapses the time series information into a “pre ” and “post
Learning the Kernel Matrix with SemiDefinite Programming
, 2002
"... Kernelbased learning algorithms work by embedding the data into a Euclidean space, and then searching for linear relations among the embedded data points. The embedding is performed implicitly, by specifying the inner products between each pair of points in the embedding space. This information ..."
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Cited by 780 (22 self)
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is contained in the socalled kernel matrix, a symmetric and positive definite matrix that encodes the relative positions of all points. Specifying this matrix amounts to specifying the geometry of the embedding space and inducing a notion of similarity in the input spaceclassical model selection
Support Vector Machine Classification and Validation of Cancer Tissue Samples Using Microarray Expression Data
, 2000
"... Motivation: DNA microarray experiments generating thousands of gene expression measurements, are being used to gather information from tissue and cell samples regarding gene expression differences that will be useful in diagnosing disease. We have developed a new method to analyse this kind of data ..."
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Cited by 566 (1 self)
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, and other normal tissues. The dataset consists of expression experiment results for 97 802 cDNAs for each tissue. As a result of computational analysis, a tissue sample is discovered and confirmed to be wrongly labeled. Upon correction of this mistake and the removal of an outlier, perfect classification
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