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7,754
Virtual time and global states of distributed systems.
 Proc. Workshop on Parallel and Distributed Algorithms,
, 1989
"... Abstract A distributed system can be characterized by the fact that the global state is distributed and that a common time base does not exist. However, the notion of time is an important concept in every day life of our decentralized \ r eal world" and helps to solve problems like getting a c ..."
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Cited by 744 (5 self)
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consistent population census or determining the potential causality between events. We argue that a linearly ordered structure of time is not (always) adequate for distributed systems and propose a generalized nonstandard m o del of time which consists of vectors of clocks. These clockvectors are p
Online Learning with Kernels
, 2003
"... Kernel based algorithms such as support vector machines have achieved considerable success in various problems in the batch setting where all of the training data is available in advance. Support vector machines combine the socalled kernel trick with the large margin idea. There has been little u ..."
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Cited by 2831 (123 self)
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use of these methods in an online setting suitable for realtime applications. In this paper we consider online learning in a Reproducing Kernel Hilbert Space. By considering classical stochastic gradient descent within a feature space, and the use of some straightforward tricks, we develop simple
Precomputed Radiance Transfer for RealTime Rendering in Dynamic, LowFrequency Lighting Environments
 ACM Transactions on Graphics
, 2002
"... We present a new, realtime method for rendering diffuse and glossy objects in lowfrequency lighting environments that captures soft shadows, interreflections, and caustics. As a preprocess, a novel global transport simulator creates functions over the object's surface representing transfer of ..."
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Cited by 470 (28 self)
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product of 9 to 25 element vectors for diffuse receivers. Glossy objects are handled using matrices rather than vectors. We further introduce functions for radiance transfer from a dynamic lighting environment through a preprocessed object to neighboring points in space. These allow soft shadows
On conformal field theories
 in fourdimensions,” Nucl. Phys. B533
, 1998
"... We review the generalization of field theory to spacetime with noncommuting coordinates, starting with the basics and covering most of the active directions of research. Such theories are now known to emerge from limits of M theory and string theory, and to describe quantum Hall states. In the last ..."
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Cited by 365 (0 self)
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We review the generalization of field theory to spacetime with noncommuting coordinates, starting with the basics and covering most of the active directions of research. Such theories are now known to emerge from limits of M theory and string theory, and to describe quantum Hall states
Searching in metric spaces
, 2001
"... The problem of searching the elements of a set that are close to a given query element under some similarity criterion has a vast number of applications in many branches of computer science, from pattern recognition to textual and multimedia information retrieval. We are interested in the rather gen ..."
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Cited by 436 (38 self)
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general case where the similarity criterion defines a metric space, instead of the more restricted case of a vector space. Many solutions have been proposed in different areas, in many cases without crossknowledge. Because of this, the same ideas have been reconceived several times, and very different
A Growing Neural Gas Network Learns Topologies
 Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 7
, 1995
"... An incremental network model is introduced which is able to learn the important topological relations in a given set of input vectors by means of a simple Hebblike learning rule. In contrast to previous approaches like the "neural gas" method of Martinetz and Schulten (1991, 1994), this m ..."
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Cited by 401 (5 self)
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), this model has no parameters which change over time and is able to continue learning, adding units and connections, until a performance criterion has been met. Applications of the model include vector quantization, clustering, and interpolation. 1 INTRODUCTION In unsupervised learning settings only input
Zeroforcing methods for downlink spatial multiplexing in multiuser MIMO channels
 IEEE TRANS. SIGNAL PROCESSING
, 2004
"... The use of spacedivision multiple access (SDMA) in the downlink of a multiuser multipleinput, multipleoutput (MIMO) wireless communications network can provide a substantial gain in system throughput. The challenge in such multiuser systems is designing transmit vectors while considering the coc ..."
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Cited by 371 (29 self)
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The use of spacedivision multiple access (SDMA) in the downlink of a multiuser multipleinput, multipleoutput (MIMO) wireless communications network can provide a substantial gain in system throughput. The challenge in such multiuser systems is designing transmit vectors while considering the co
Conformal deformation of a Riemannian metric to constant curvature
 J. Diff. Geome
, 1984
"... A wellknown open question in differential geometry is the question of whether a given compact Riemannian manifold is necessarily conformally equivalent to one of constant scalar curvature. This problem is known as the Yamabe problem because it was formulated by Yamabe [8] in 1960, While Yamabe&apos ..."
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Cited by 308 (0 self)
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. Aubin [1] in 1976. Aubin showed that if dim M> 6 and M is not conformally flat, then M can be conformally changed to constant scalar curvature. Up until this time, Aubin's method has given no information on the Yamabe problem in dimensions 3, 4, and 5. Moreover, his method exploits only
E7 as D = 10 spacetime symmetry — Origin of the twistor transform
, 1992
"... Massless particle dynamics in D = 10 Minkowski space is given an E7covariant formulation, including both spacetime and twistor variables. E7 contains the conformal algebra as a subalgebra. Analogous constructions apply to D = 3, 4 and 6. Submitted to Physics Letters BIt is well known that massless ..."
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, the twistor picture. The spacetime formulation, on one hand, with PmP m ≈ 0 as only constraint, is easily made conformally covariant by enlarging the vectors Xm, P m of SO(1, 9) to become vectors X µ, P µ of SO(2, 10). The constraints are taken to be XµX µ ≈ 0, XµP µ ≈ 0 and PµP µ ≈ 0. With gauge choices X
Results 1  10
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