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Maximum likelihood from incomplete data via the EM algorithm
 JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL STATISTICAL SOCIETY, SERIES B
, 1977
"... A broadly applicable algorithm for computing maximum likelihood estimates from incomplete data is presented at various levels of generality. Theory showing the monotone behaviour of the likelihood and convergence of the algorithm is derived. Many examples are sketched, including missing value situat ..."
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Cited by 11972 (17 self)
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A broadly applicable algorithm for computing maximum likelihood estimates from incomplete data is presented at various levels of generality. Theory showing the monotone behaviour of the likelihood and convergence of the algorithm is derived. Many examples are sketched, including missing value
Algorithms for Quantum Computation: Discrete Logarithms and Factoring
, 1994
"... A computer is generally considered to be a universal computational device; i.e., it is believed able to simulate any physical computational device with a cost in computation time of at most a polynomial factol: It is not clear whether this is still true when quantum mechanics is taken into consider ..."
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Cited by 1111 (5 self)
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into consideration. Several researchers, starting with David Deutsch, have developed models for quantum mechanical computers and have investigated their computational properties. This paper gives Las Vegas algorithms for finding discrete logarithms and factoring integers on a quantum computer that take a number
PolynomialTime Algorithms for Prime Factorization and Discrete Logarithms on a Quantum Computer
 SIAM J. on Computing
, 1997
"... A digital computer is generally believed to be an efficient universal computing device; that is, it is believed able to simulate any physical computing device with an increase in computation time by at most a polynomial factor. This may not be true when quantum mechanics is taken into consideration. ..."
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Cited by 1277 (4 self)
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A digital computer is generally believed to be an efficient universal computing device; that is, it is believed able to simulate any physical computing device with an increase in computation time by at most a polynomial factor. This may not be true when quantum mechanics is taken into consideration
Space/Time Tradeoffs in Hash Coding with Allowable Errors
 Communications of the ACM
, 1970
"... this paper tradeoffs among certain computational factors in hash coding are analyzed. The paradigm problem considered is that of testing a series of messages onebyone for membership in a given set of messages. Two new hash coding methods are examined and compared with a particular conventional h ..."
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Cited by 2097 (0 self)
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this paper tradeoffs among certain computational factors in hash coding are analyzed. The paradigm problem considered is that of testing a series of messages onebyone for membership in a given set of messages. Two new hash coding methods are examined and compared with a particular conventional
Scheduling Multithreaded Computations by Work Stealing
, 1994
"... This paper studies the problem of efficiently scheduling fully strict (i.e., wellstructured) multithreaded computations on parallel computers. A popular and practical method of scheduling this kind of dynamic MIMDstyle computation is “work stealing," in which processors needing work steal com ..."
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Cited by 568 (34 self)
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This paper studies the problem of efficiently scheduling fully strict (i.e., wellstructured) multithreaded computations on parallel computers. A popular and practical method of scheduling this kind of dynamic MIMDstyle computation is “work stealing," in which processors needing work steal
Factor Graphs and the SumProduct Algorithm
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION THEORY
, 1998
"... A factor graph is a bipartite graph that expresses how a "global" function of many variables factors into a product of "local" functions. Factor graphs subsume many other graphical models including Bayesian networks, Markov random fields, and Tanner graphs. Following one simple c ..."
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Cited by 1791 (69 self)
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computational rule, the sumproduct algorithm operates in factor graphs to computeeither exactly or approximatelyvarious marginal functions by distributed messagepassing in the graph. A wide variety of algorithms developed in artificial intelligence, signal processing, and digital communications can
Factoring wavelet transforms into lifting steps
 J. FOURIER ANAL. APPL
, 1998
"... This paper is essentially tutorial in nature. We show how any discrete wavelet transform or two band subband filtering with finite filters can be decomposed into a finite sequence of simple filtering steps, which we call lifting steps but that are also known as ladder structures. This decompositio ..."
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Cited by 584 (8 self)
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in the biorthogonal, i.e, nonunitary case. Like the lattice factorization, the decomposition presented here asymptotically reduces the computational complexity of the transform by a factor two. It has other applications, such as the possibility of defining a waveletlike transform that maps integers to integers.
Understanding Normal and Impaired Word Reading: Computational Principles in QuasiRegular Domains
 PSYCHOLOGICAL REVIEW
, 1996
"... We develop a connectionist approach to processing in quasiregular domains, as exemplified by English word reading. A consideration of the shortcomings of a previous implementation (Seidenberg & McClelland, 1989, Psych. Rev.) in reading nonwords leads to the development of orthographic and phono ..."
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Cited by 613 (94 self)
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to read pronounceable nonwords as well as skilled readers. A mathematical analysis of the effects of word frequency and spellingsound consistency in a related but simpler system serves to clarify the close relationship of these factors in influencing naming latencies. These insights are verified
Shape and motion from image streams under orthography: a factorization method
 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COMPUTER VISION
, 1992
"... Inferring scene geometry and camera motion from a stream of images is possible in principle, but is an illconditioned problem when the objects are distant with respect to their size. We have developed a factorization method that can overcome this difficulty by recovering shape and motion under orth ..."
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Cited by 1094 (38 self)
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orthography without computing depth as an intermediate step. An image stream can be represented by the 2FxP measurement matrix of the image coordinates of P points tracked through F frames. We show that under orthographic projection this matrix is of rank 3. Based on this observation, the factorization method
FAST VOLUME RENDERING USING A SHEARWARP FACTORIZATION OF THE VIEWING TRANSFORMATION
, 1995
"... Volume rendering is a technique for visualizing 3D arrays of sampled data. It has applications in areas such as medical imaging and scientific visualization, but its use has been limited by its high computational expense. Early implementations of volume rendering used bruteforce techniques that req ..."
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Cited by 542 (2 self)
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Volume rendering is a technique for visualizing 3D arrays of sampled data. It has applications in areas such as medical imaging and scientific visualization, but its use has been limited by its high computational expense. Early implementations of volume rendering used bruteforce techniques
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