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Inductive learning algorithms and representations for text categorization,”
 in Proceedings of the International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management,
, 1998
"... ABSTRACT Text categorization the assignment of natural language texts to one or more predefined categories based on their content is an important component in many information organization and management tasks. We compare the effectiveness of five different automatic learning algorithms for text ..."
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Cited by 652 (8 self)
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categorization in terms of learning speed, realtime classification speed, and classification accuracy. We also examine training set size, and alternative document representations. Very accurate text classifiers can be learned automatically from training examples. Linear Support Vector Machines (SVMs
Optimally sparse representation in general (nonorthogonal) dictionaries via ℓ¹ minimization
 PROC. NATL ACAD. SCI. USA 100 2197–202
, 2002
"... Given a ‘dictionary’ D = {dk} of vectors dk, we seek to represent a signal S as a linear combination S = ∑ k γ(k)dk, with scalar coefficients γ(k). In particular, we aim for the sparsest representation possible. In general, this requires a combinatorial optimization process. Previous work considered ..."
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Cited by 633 (38 self)
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Given a ‘dictionary’ D = {dk} of vectors dk, we seek to represent a signal S as a linear combination S = ∑ k γ(k)dk, with scalar coefficients γ(k). In particular, we aim for the sparsest representation possible. In general, this requires a combinatorial optimization process. Previous work
Face description with local binary patterns: Application to face recognition
 IEEE Trans. Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
, 2006
"... Abstract—This paper presents a novel and efficient facial image representation based on local binary pattern (LBP) texture features. The face image is divided into several regions from which the LBP feature distributions are extracted and concatenated into an enhanced feature vector to be used as a ..."
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Cited by 526 (27 self)
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Abstract—This paper presents a novel and efficient facial image representation based on local binary pattern (LBP) texture features. The face image is divided into several regions from which the LBP feature distributions are extracted and concatenated into an enhanced feature vector to be used as a
Representing Moving Images with Layers
, 1994
"... We describe a system for representing moving images with sets of overlapping layers. Each layer contains an intensity map that defines the additive values of each pixel, along with an alpha map that serves as a mask indicating the transparency. The layers are ordered in depth and they occlude each o ..."
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Cited by 542 (11 self)
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other in accord with the rules of compositing. Velocity maps define how the layers are to be warped over time. The layered representation is more flexible than standard image transforms and can capture many important properties of natural image sequences. We describe some methods for decomposing image
The Central Role of the Propensity Score in Observational Studies for Causal Effects.
 Biometrika
, 1983
"... SUMMARY The propensity score is the conditional probability of assignment to a particular treatment given a vector of observed covariates. Both large and small sample theory show that adjustment for the scalar propensity score is sufficient to remove bias due to all observed covariates. Application ..."
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Cited by 2779 (26 self)
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SUMMARY The propensity score is the conditional probability of assignment to a particular treatment given a vector of observed covariates. Both large and small sample theory show that adjustment for the scalar propensity score is sufficient to remove bias due to all observed covariates
Approximation by Superpositions of a Sigmoidal Function
, 1989
"... In this paper we demonstrate that finite linear combinations of compositions of a fixed, univariate function and a set ofaffine functionals can uniformly approximate any continuous function of n real variables with support in the unit hypercube; only mild conditions are imposed on the univariate fun ..."
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Cited by 1248 (2 self)
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In this paper we demonstrate that finite linear combinations of compositions of a fixed, univariate function and a set ofaffine functionals can uniformly approximate any continuous function of n real variables with support in the unit hypercube; only mild conditions are imposed on the univariate
For Most Large Underdetermined Systems of Linear Equations the Minimal ℓ1norm Solution is also the Sparsest Solution
 Comm. Pure Appl. Math
, 2004
"... We consider linear equations y = Φα where y is a given vector in R n, Φ is a given n by m matrix with n < m ≤ An, and we wish to solve for α ∈ R m. We suppose that the columns of Φ are normalized to unit ℓ 2 norm 1 and we place uniform measure on such Φ. We prove the existence of ρ = ρ(A) so that ..."
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Cited by 568 (10 self)
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that for large n, and for all Φ’s except a negligible fraction, the following property holds: For every y having a representation y = Φα0 by a coefficient vector α0 ∈ R m with fewer than ρ · n nonzeros, the solution α1 of the ℓ 1 minimization problem min �x�1 subject to Φα = y is unique and equal to α0
The program dependence graph and its use in optimization
 ACM Transactions on Programming Languages and Systems
, 1987
"... In this paper we present an intermediate program representation, called the program dependence graph (PDG), that makes explicit both the data and control dependence5 for each operation in a program. Data dependences have been used to represent only the relevant data flow relationships of a program. ..."
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Cited by 996 (3 self)
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In this paper we present an intermediate program representation, called the program dependence graph (PDG), that makes explicit both the data and control dependence5 for each operation in a program. Data dependences have been used to represent only the relevant data flow relationships of a program
Rendering of Surfaces from Volume Data
 IEEE COMPUTER GRAPHICS AND APPLICATIONS
, 1988
"... The application of volume rendering techniques to the display of surfaces from sampled scalar functions of three spatial dimensions is explored. Fitting of geometric primitives to the sampled data is not required. Images are formed by directly shading each sample and projecting it onto the picture ..."
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Cited by 875 (12 self)
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the picture plane. Surface shading calculations are performed at every voxel with local gradient vectors serving as surface normals. In a separate step, surface classification operators are applied to obtain a partial opacity for every voxel. Operators that detect isovalue contour surfaces and region
Local features and kernels for classification of texture and object categories: a comprehensive study
 International Journal of Computer Vision
, 2007
"... Recently, methods based on local image features have shown promise for texture and object recognition tasks. This paper presents a largescale evaluation of an approach that represents images as distributions (signatures or histograms) of features extracted from a sparse set of keypoint locations an ..."
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Cited by 653 (34 self)
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and learns a Support Vector Machine classifier with kernels based on two effective measures for comparing distributions, the Earth Mover’s Distance and the χ 2 distance. We first evaluate the performance of our approach with different keypoint detectors and descriptors, as well as different kernels
Results 1  10
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