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Certification of Software Component Performance Specifications
"... Abstract—In software engineering, performance specifications of components support the successful evolution of complex software systems. Having trustworthy specifications is important to reliably detect unwanted effects of modifications on the performance using prediction techniques before they are ..."
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Abstract—In software engineering, performance specifications of components support the successful evolution of complex software systems. Having trustworthy specifications is important to reliably detect unwanted effects of modifications on the performance using prediction techniques before
Mixtures of Probabilistic Principal Component Analysers
, 1998
"... Principal component analysis (PCA) is one of the most popular techniques for processing, compressing and visualising data, although its effectiveness is limited by its global linearity. While nonlinear variants of PCA have been proposed, an alternative paradigm is to capture data complexity by a com ..."
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Cited by 537 (6 self)
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maximumlikelihood framework, based on a specific form of Gaussian latent variable model. This leads to a welldefined mixture model for probabilistic principal component analysers, whose parameters can be determined using an EM algorithm. We discuss the advantages of this model in the context
Nonlinear component analysis as a kernel eigenvalue problem

, 1996
"... We describe a new method for performing a nonlinear form of Principal Component Analysis. By the use of integral operator kernel functions, we can efficiently compute principal components in highdimensional feature spaces, related to input space by some nonlinear map; for instance the space of all ..."
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Cited by 1554 (85 self)
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We describe a new method for performing a nonlinear form of Principal Component Analysis. By the use of integral operator kernel functions, we can efficiently compute principal components in highdimensional feature spaces, related to input space by some nonlinear map; for instance the space of all
Domain names  Implementation and Specification
 RFC883, USC/Information Sciences Institute
, 1983
"... This RFC describes the details of the domain system and protocol, and assumes that the reader is familiar with the concepts discussed in a companion RFC, "Domain Names Concepts and Facilities " [RFC1034]. The domain system is a mixture of functions and data types which are an official pr ..."
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Cited by 715 (9 self)
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This RFC describes the details of the domain system and protocol, and assumes that the reader is familiar with the concepts discussed in a companion RFC, "Domain Names Concepts and Facilities " [RFC1034]. The domain system is a mixture of functions and data types which are an official protocol and functions and data types which are still experimental. Since the domain system is intentionally extensible, new data types and experimental behavior should always be expected in parts of the system beyond the official protocol. The official protocol parts include standard queries, responses and the Internet class RR data formats (e.g., host addresses). Since the previous RFC set, several definitions have changed, so some previous definitions are obsolete. Experimental or obsolete features are clearly marked in these RFCs, and such information should be used with caution. The reader is especially cautioned not to depend on the values which appear in examples to be current or complete, since their purpose is
On Bayesian analysis of mixtures with an unknown number of components
 INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL ECONOMICS PROJECT ON INTERNATIONAL COMPETITION POLICY,&QUOT; COM/DAFFE/CLP/TD(94)42
, 1997
"... ..."
Motivational and selfregulated learning components of classroom academic performance
 Journal of Educational Psychology
, 1990
"... A correlational study examined relationships between motivational orientation, selfregulated learning, and classroom academic performance for 173 seventh graders from eight science and seven English classes. A selfreport measure of student selfefficacy, intrinsic value, test anxiety, selfregulat ..."
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Cited by 625 (6 self)
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variety of definitions of selfregulated learning, but three components seem especially important for classroom performance. First, selfregulated learning includes students ' metacognitive strategies for planning, monitoring, and modifying their cognition (e.g., Brown,
Survey on Independent Component Analysis
 NEURAL COMPUTING SURVEYS
, 1999
"... A common problem encountered in such disciplines as statistics, data analysis, signal processing, and neural network research, is nding a suitable representation of multivariate data. For computational and conceptual simplicity, such a representation is often sought as a linear transformation of the ..."
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Cited by 2241 (104 self)
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of the original data. Wellknown linear transformation methods include, for example, principal component analysis, factor analysis, and projection pursuit. A recently developed linear transformation method is independent component analysis (ICA), in which the desired representation is the one that minimizes
Probabilistic Principal Component Analysis
 Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series B
, 1999
"... Principal component analysis (PCA) is a ubiquitous technique for data analysis and processing, but one which is not based upon a probability model. In this paper we demonstrate how the principal axes of a set of observed data vectors may be determined through maximumlikelihood estimation of paramet ..."
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Cited by 703 (5 self)
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Principal component analysis (PCA) is a ubiquitous technique for data analysis and processing, but one which is not based upon a probability model. In this paper we demonstrate how the principal axes of a set of observed data vectors may be determined through maximumlikelihood estimation
Performance Pay and Productivity
 AMERICAN ECONOMIC REVIEW
, 2000
"... Much of the theory in personnel economics relates to effects of monetary incentives on output, but the theory was untested because appropriate data were unavailable. A new data set for the Safelite Glass Corporation tests the predictions that average productivity will rise, the firm will attract a m ..."
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Cited by 498 (10 self)
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Much of the theory in personnel economics relates to effects of monetary incentives on output, but the theory was untested because appropriate data were unavailable. A new data set for the Safelite Glass Corporation tests the predictions that average productivity will rise, the firm will attract a more able workforce, and variance in output across individuals at the firm will rise when it shifts to piece rates. In Safelite, productivity effects amount to a 44percent increase in output per worker. This firm apparently had selected a suboptimal compensation system, as profits also increased with the change.
The Ponder Policy Specification Language
 LECTURE NOTES IN COMPUTER SCIENCE
, 2001
"... The Ponder language provides a common means of specifying security policies that map onto various access control implementation mechanisms for firewalls, operating systems, databases and Java. It supports obligation policies that are event triggered conditionaction rules for policy based management ..."
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Cited by 489 (28 self)
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in an organisation, relationships to define interactions between roles and management structures to define a configuration of roles and relationships pertaining to an organisational unit such as a department. These reusable composite policy specifications cater for the complexity of large enterprise information
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