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2,124,517
The Colonial Origins of Comparative Development: An Empirical Analysis
 AMERICAN ECONOMIC REVIEW
, 2002
"... We exploit differences in early colonial experience to estimate the effect of institutions on economic performance. Our argument is that Europeans adopted very different colonization policies in different colonies, with different associated institutions. The choice of colonization strategy was, at l ..."
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Cited by 1657 (41 self)
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, at least in part, determined by the feasibility of whether Europeans could settle in the colony. In places where Europeans faced high mortality rates, they could not settle and they were more likely to set up worse (extractive) institutions. These early institutions persisted to the present. We document
A direct approach to false discovery rates
, 2002
"... Summary. Multiplehypothesis testing involves guarding against much more complicated errors than singlehypothesis testing. Whereas we typically control the type I error rate for a singlehypothesis test, a compound error rate is controlled for multiplehypothesis tests. For example, controlling the ..."
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Cited by 775 (14 self)
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discussed is the calculation of the qvalue, the pFDR analogue of the pvalue, which eliminates the need to set the error rate beforehand as is traditionally done. Some simple numerical examples are presented that show that this new approach can yield an increase of over eight times in power compared
Improved Boosting Algorithms Using Confidencerated Predictions
 MACHINE LEARNING
, 1999
"... We describe several improvements to Freund and Schapire’s AdaBoost boosting algorithm, particularly in a setting in which hypotheses may assign confidences to each of their predictions. We give a simplified analysis of AdaBoost in this setting, and we show how this analysis can be used to find impr ..."
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Cited by 940 (26 self)
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a third method based on output coding. One of these leads to a new method for handling the singlelabel case which is simpler but as effective as techniques suggested by Freund and Schapire. Finally, we give some experimental results comparing a few of the algorithms discussed in this paper.
Empirical exchange rate models of the Seventies: do they fit out of sample?
 JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL ECONOMICS
, 1983
"... This study compares the outofsample forecasting accuracy of various structural and time series exchange rate models. We find that a random walk model performs as well as any estimated model at one to twelve month horizons for the dollar/pound, dollar/mark, dollar/yen and tradeweighted dollar exch ..."
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Cited by 854 (12 self)
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This study compares the outofsample forecasting accuracy of various structural and time series exchange rate models. We find that a random walk model performs as well as any estimated model at one to twelve month horizons for the dollar/pound, dollar/mark, dollar/yen and tradeweighted dollar
The control of the false discovery rate in multiple testing under dependency
 Annals of Statistics
, 2001
"... Benjamini and Hochberg suggest that the false discovery rate may be the appropriate error rate to control in many applied multiple testing problems. A simple procedure was given there as an FDR controlling procedure for independent test statistics and was shown to be much more powerful than comparab ..."
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Cited by 1093 (16 self)
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comparable procedures which control the traditional familywise error rate. We prove that this same procedure also controls the false discovery rate when the test statistics have positive regression dependency on each of the test statistics corresponding to the true null hypotheses. This condition
Spacetime codes for high data rate wireless communication: Performance criterion and code construction
 IEEE TRANS. INFORM. THEORY
, 1998
"... We consider the design of channel codes for improving the data rate and/or the reliability of communications over fading channels using multiple transmit antennas. Data is encoded by a channel code and the encoded data is split into n streams that are simultaneously transmitted using n transmit ant ..."
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Cited by 1782 (28 self)
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for high data rate wireless communication. The encoding/decoding complexity of these codes is comparable to trellis codes employed in practice over Gaussian channels. The codes constructed here provide the best tradeoff between data rate, diversity advantage, and trellis complexity. Simulation results
A solution to Plato’s problem: The latent semantic analysis theory of acquisition, induction, and representation of knowledge
 PSYCHOLOGICAL REVIEW
, 1997
"... How do people know as much as they do with as little information as they get? The problem takes many forms; learning vocabulary from text is an especially dramatic and convenient case for research. A new general theory of acquired similarity and knowledge representation, latent semantic analysis (LS ..."
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Cited by 1816 (10 self)
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(LSA), is presented and used to successfully simulate such learning and several other psycholinguistic phenomena. By inducing global knowledge indirectly from local cooccurrence data in a large body of representative text, LSA acquired knowledge about the full vocabulary of English at a comparable
Econometric methods for fractional response variables with an application to 401 (K) plan participation rates
, 1996
"... We develop attractive functional forms and simple quasilikelihood estimation methods for regression models with a fractional dependent variable. Compared with logodds type procedures, there is no difficulty in recovering the regression function for the fractional variable, and there is no need to ..."
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Cited by 472 (8 self)
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We develop attractive functional forms and simple quasilikelihood estimation methods for regression models with a fractional dependent variable. Compared with logodds type procedures, there is no difficulty in recovering the regression function for the fractional variable, and there is no need
Probabilistic Outputs for Support Vector Machines and Comparisons to Regularized Likelihood Methods
 ADVANCES IN LARGE MARGIN CLASSIFIERS
, 1999
"... The output of a classifier should be a calibrated posterior probability to enable postprocessing. Standard SVMs do not provide such probabilities. One method to create probabilities is to directly train a kernel classifier with a logit link function and a regularized maximum likelihood score. Howev ..."
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Cited by 1051 (0 self)
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. However, training with a maximum likelihood score will produce nonsparse kernel machines. Instead, we train an SVM, then train the parameters of an additional sigmoid function to map the SVM outputs into probabilities. This chapter compares classification error rate and likelihood scores for an SVM plus
Some Evidence on the Importance of Sticky Prices
 JOURNAL OF POLITICAL ECONOMY
, 2004
"... We examine the frequency of price changes for 350 categories of goods and services covering about 70 % of consumer spending, based on unpublished data from the BLS for 1995 to 1997. Compared with previous studies we find much more frequent price changes, with half of goods' prices lasting less ..."
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Cited by 741 (15 self)
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with frequent changes in individual prices) differs from inflation for "stickyprice goods" (those displaying infrequent price changes). Compared to the predictions of popular sticky price models, actual inflation rates are far more volatile and transient, particularly for stickyprice goods.
Results 1  10
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