### Table 4: Bivariate Cointegration Test Results

in and

"... In PAGE 18: ... We first search for common stochastic trend(s) among the variables and their relationships by way of error-correction models in cases where the two variables are cointegrated, and then establish causal relationships among the variables that are not cointegrated by following in the spirit of Granger (1969) causality. We find that the top corporate income tax rate is the only tax variable that is cointegrated with all four self-employment rates, as shown in Table4 . This reflects the possibility that businesses are more likely to be organized as unincorporated sole proprietorships when corporate income tax rates are high.... ..."

### Table 2. Factor Loadings Attached to the First LPC

"... In PAGE 8: ... These results are consistent with Mills and Holmes (1999), who find more than a single common stochastic trend among EU real outputs during 1979-94, and Caporale and Pittis (1993), Hafer and Kutan (1994) and Thom (1995), who reach the same conclusion regarding EU inflation and interest rate levels. Table2 reports the factor loadings attached to the first LPC which can provide information on the extent of convergence among the non-German economies. At the 5% significance level, the factor loadings are different from zero in all but seven cases and they are different from unity in all but five cases.... ..."

### Table 4. Mean square errors: stock variable, stochastic trend

### Table 5. Mean square errors: ow variable, stochastic trend

### Table 7. Estimated common trends coefficients.

"... In PAGE 9: ... In these studies Denmark has high ranking in terms of corporatism which should imply a strong responsiveness of wages to unemployment. Table7 reports the estimated coefficients in the long run solution for the five variables given in (13) and the wage share. The estimates are based on the normalized trends (ie.... In PAGE 9: ...ie. both trend shocks have unit variance). Thereby, the coefficients measure the long run effect (reported in percent) on the endogenous variables from unit (one standard deviation) shocks to the trend innovations. The first column in Table7 contains the long run elasticities with respect to the produc- tivity trend. The responses in average labor productivity and the two real wage measures are almost equal and quite close to a one-to-one response.... In PAGE 9: ... As already mentioned, however, the long run responses in employment and unemployment with respect to productivity shocks are not estimated with good precision. The second column in Table7 presents the long run responses to labor supply shocks. Such shocks raise employment and the wage share while unemployment and the consumer real wage fall.... ..."

### TABLE 3. Common trends of gene loss and gain of Bifidobacterium longum and Lactobacillales

2006

Cited by 1

### TABLE 2. Critical values for the common trend test: case i=2.

"... In PAGE 27: ...TABLE2 a. Critical values for the common trend test: case i=2a.... In PAGE 28: ...TABLE2 b. Critical values for the common trend test: case i=2b.... ..."

### Table 1 shows some of the common trends for those kernels.

2003

Cited by 17

### TABLE 1. Critical values for the common trend test: case i=1.

### Table 3 Panel Trend Regression:

"... In PAGE 13: ...b] is that these trends are common (i.e.: identical) across the cross-section. Table3 presents the results from a panel estimation of a linear deterministic trend. These results strongly reject the equality restrictions of assumption [b] imposed on the coefficients across the cross-section.... ..."