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The relationship between return and market value of common stocks
 Journal of Financial Economics
, 1981
"... This study examines the empirical relattonship between the return and the total market value of NYSE common stocks. It is found that smaller firms have had htgher risk adjusted returns, on average, than larger lirms. This ‘size effect ’ has been in existence for at least forty years and is evidence ..."
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Cited by 753 (0 self)
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This study examines the empirical relattonship between the return and the total market value of NYSE common stocks. It is found that smaller firms have had htgher risk adjusted returns, on average, than larger lirms. This ‘size effect ’ has been in existence for at least forty years and is evidence
Applications Of Circumscription To Formalizing Common Sense Knowledge
 Artificial Intelligence
, 1986
"... We present a new and more symmetric version of the circumscription method of nonmonotonic reasoning first described in (McCarthy 1980) and some applications to formalizing common sense knowledge. The applications in this paper are mostly based on minimizing the abnormality of different aspects o ..."
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Cited by 529 (12 self)
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We present a new and more symmetric version of the circumscription method of nonmonotonic reasoning first described in (McCarthy 1980) and some applications to formalizing common sense knowledge. The applications in this paper are mostly based on minimizing the abnormality of different aspects
Relations between the statistics of natural images and the response properties of cortical cells
 J. Opt. Soc. Am. A
, 1987
"... The relative efficiency of any particular imagecoding scheme should be defined only in relation to the class of images that the code is likely to encounter. To understand the representation of images by the mammalian visual system, it might therefore be useful to consider the statistics of images f ..."
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Cited by 819 (17 self)
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cells are well suited for coding the information in such images if the goal of the code is to convert higherorder redundancy (e.g., correlation between the intensities of neighboring pixels) into firstorder redundancy (i.e., the response distribution of the coefficients). Such coding produces a
The fundamental properties of natural numbers
 Journal of Formalized Mathematics
, 1989
"... Summary. Some fundamental properties of addition, multiplication, order relations, exact division, the remainder, divisibility, the least common multiple, the greatest common divisor are presented. A proof of Euclid algorithm is also given. MML Identifier:NAT_1. WWW:http://mizar.org/JFM/Vol1/nat_1.h ..."
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Cited by 675 (73 self)
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Summary. Some fundamental properties of addition, multiplication, order relations, exact division, the remainder, divisibility, the least common multiple, the greatest common divisor are presented. A proof of Euclid algorithm is also given. MML Identifier:NAT_1. WWW:http://mizar.org/JFM/Vol1/nat_1
A new scale of social desirability independent of psychopathology
 Journal of Consulting Psychology
, 1960
"... It has long been recognized that personality test scores are influenced by nontestrelevant response determinants. Wiggins and Rumrill (1959) distinguish three approaches to this problem. Briefly, interest in the problem of response distortion has been concerned with attempts at statistical correct ..."
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Cited by 668 (1 self)
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different division of approaches to the question of response distortion. Common to both the Meehl
The TSIMMIS Project: Integration of Heterogeneous Information Sources
"... The goal of the Tsimmis Project is to develop tools that facilitate the rapid integration of heterogeneous information sources that may include both structured and unstructured data. This paper gives an overview of the project, describing components that extract properties from unstructured objects, ..."
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Cited by 529 (19 self)
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The goal of the Tsimmis Project is to develop tools that facilitate the rapid integration of heterogeneous information sources that may include both structured and unstructured data. This paper gives an overview of the project, describing components that extract properties from unstructured objects
The architecture of complexity
 Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society
, 1962
"... A number of proposals have been advanced in recent years for the development of “general systems theory ” that, abstracting from properties peculiar to physical, biological, or social systems, would be applicable to all of them. 1 We might well feel that, while the goal is laudable, systems of such ..."
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Cited by 760 (1 self)
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of such diverse kinds could hardly be expected to have any nontrivial properties in common. Metaphor and analogy can be helpful, or they can be misleading. All depends on whether the similarities the metaphor captures are significant or superficial. It may not be entirely vain, however, to search for common
Sparse coding with an overcomplete basis set: a strategy employed by V1
 Vision Research
, 1997
"... The spatial receptive fields of simple cells in mammalian striate cortex have been reasonably well described physiologically and can be characterized as being localized, oriented, and ban@ass, comparable with the basis functions of wavelet transforms. Previously, we have shown that these receptive f ..."
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Cited by 943 (9 self)
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field properties may be accounted for in terms of a strategy for producing a sparse distribution of output activity in response to natural images. Here, in addition to describing this work in a more expansive fashion, we examine the neurobiological implications of sparse coding. Of particular interest
Have Individual Stocks Become More Volatile? An Empirical Exploration of Idiosyncratic Risk
 THE JOURNAL OF FINANCE • VOL. LVI
, 2001
"... This paper uses a disaggregated approach to study the volatility of common stocks at the market, industry, and firm levels. Over the period 1962–1997 there has been a noticeable increase in firmlevel volatility relative to market volatility. Accordingly, correlations among individual stocks and the ..."
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Cited by 510 (17 self)
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This paper uses a disaggregated approach to study the volatility of common stocks at the market, industry, and firm levels. Over the period 1962–1997 there has been a noticeable increase in firmlevel volatility relative to market volatility. Accordingly, correlations among individual stocks
Algebraic Graph Theory
, 2011
"... Algebraic graph theory comprises both the study of algebraic objects arising in connection with graphs, for example, automorphism groups of graphs along with the use of algebraic tools to establish interesting properties of combinatorial objects. One of the oldest themes in the area is the investiga ..."
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Cited by 867 (12 self)
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is the investigation of the relation between properties of a graph and the spectrum of its adjacency matrix. A central topic and important source of tools is the theory of association schemes. An association scheme is, roughly speaking, a collection of graphs on a common vertex set which fit together in a highly
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