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The tragedy of the commons
 Science
, 1968
"... At the end of a thoughtful article on the future of nuclear war, Wiesner and York (1) concluded that: “Both sides in the arms race are... confronted by the dilemma of steadily increasing military power and steadily decreasing national security. It is our considered professional judgment that this d ..."
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Cited by 2414 (0 self)
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At the end of a thoughtful article on the future of nuclear war, Wiesner and York (1) concluded that: “Both sides in the arms race are... confronted by the dilemma of steadily increasing military power and steadily decreasing national security. It is our considered professional judgment that this dilemma has no technical solution. If the great powers continue to look for solutions in the area of science and technology only, the result will be to worsen the situation.” I would like to focus your attention not on the subject of the article (national security in a nuclear world) but on the kind of conclusion they reached, namely that there
Domain Theory
 Handbook of Logic in Computer Science
, 1994
"... Least fixpoints as meanings of recursive definitions. ..."
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Cited by 546 (25 self)
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Least fixpoints as meanings of recursive definitions.
Knowledge and Common Knowledge in a Distributed Environment
 Journal of the ACM
, 1984
"... : Reasoning about knowledge seems to play a fundamental role in distributed systems. Indeed, such reasoning is a central part of the informal intuitive arguments used in the design of distributed protocols. Communication in a distributed system can be viewed as the act of transforming the system&apo ..."
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Cited by 577 (55 self)
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corresponds to knowledge that is "distributed" among the members of the group, while common knowledge corresponds to a fact being "publicly known". The relationship between common knowledge and a variety of desirable actions in a distributed system is illustrated. Furthermore, it is shown
The relationship between return and market value of common stocks
 Journal of Financial Economics
, 1981
"... This study examines the empirical relattonship between the return and the total market value of NYSE common stocks. It is found that smaller firms have had htgher risk adjusted returns, on average, than larger lirms. This ‘size effect ’ has been in existence for at least forty years and is evidence ..."
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Cited by 742 (0 self)
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This study examines the empirical relattonship between the return and the total market value of NYSE common stocks. It is found that smaller firms have had htgher risk adjusted returns, on average, than larger lirms. This ‘size effect ’ has been in existence for at least forty years and is evidence
The selfduality equations on a Riemann surface
 Proc. Lond. Math. Soc., III. Ser
, 1987
"... In this paper we shall study a special class of solutions of the selfdual YangMills equations. The original selfduality equations which arose in mathematical physics were defined on Euclidean 4space. The physically relevant solutions were the ones with finite action—the socalled 'instanton ..."
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Cited by 524 (6 self)
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In this paper we shall study a special class of solutions of the selfdual YangMills equations. The original selfduality equations which arose in mathematical physics were defined on Euclidean 4space. The physically relevant solutions were the ones with finite action—the socalled &apos
String theory and noncommutative geometry
 JHEP
, 1999
"... We extend earlier ideas about the appearance of noncommutative geometry in string theory with a nonzero Bfield. We identify a limit in which the entire string dynamics is described by a minimally coupled (supersymmetric) gauge theory on a noncommutative space, and discuss the corrections away from ..."
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Cited by 801 (8 self)
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We extend earlier ideas about the appearance of noncommutative geometry in string theory with a nonzero Bfield. We identify a limit in which the entire string dynamics is described by a minimally coupled (supersymmetric) gauge theory on a noncommutative space, and discuss the corrections away from
Qualitative process theory
 MIT AI Lab Memo
, 1982
"... Objects move, collide, flow, bend, heat up, cool down, stretch, compress. and boil. These and other things that cause changes in objects over time are intuitively characterized as processes. To understand commonsense physical reasoning and make programs that interact with the physical world as well ..."
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Cited by 884 (92 self)
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as people do we must understand qualitative reasoning about processes, when they will occur, their effects, and when they will stop. Qualitative process theory defines a simple notion of physical process that appears useful as a language in which to write dynamical theories. Reasoning about processes also
Stochastic Perturbation Theory
, 1988
"... . In this paper classical matrix perturbation theory is approached from a probabilistic point of view. The perturbed quantity is approximated by a firstorder perturbation expansion, in which the perturbation is assumed to be random. This permits the computation of statistics estimating the variatio ..."
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Cited by 886 (35 self)
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. In this paper classical matrix perturbation theory is approached from a probabilistic point of view. The perturbed quantity is approximated by a firstorder perturbation expansion, in which the perturbation is assumed to be random. This permits the computation of statistics estimating
Results 1  10
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2,887,239