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Classical negation in logic programs and disjunctive databases
 New Generation Computing
, 1991
"... An important limitation of traditional logic programming as a knowledge representation tool, in comparison with classical logic, is that logic programming does not allow us to deal directly with incomplete information. In order to overcome this limitation, we extend the class of general logic progra ..."
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Cited by 1042 (73 self)
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programs and disjunctive databases more easily when classical negation is available. Computationally, classical negation can be eliminated from extended programs by a simple preprocessor. Extended programs are identical to a special case of default theories in the sense of Reiter. 1
Algorithms for Quantum Computation: Discrete Logarithms and Factoring
, 1994
"... A computer is generally considered to be a universal computational device; i.e., it is believed able to simulate any physical computational device with a cost in computation time of at most a polynomial factol: It is not clear whether this is still true when quantum mechanics is taken into consider ..."
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Cited by 1107 (5 self)
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of steps which is polynomial in the input size, e.g., the number of digits of the integer to be factored. These two problems are generally considered hard on a classical computer and have been used as the basis of several proposed cryptosystems. (We thus give the first examples of quantum cryptanulysis.)
PolynomialTime Algorithms for Prime Factorization and Discrete Logarithms on a Quantum Computer
 SIAM J. on Computing
, 1997
"... A digital computer is generally believed to be an efficient universal computing device; that is, it is believed able to simulate any physical computing device with an increase in computation time by at most a polynomial factor. This may not be true when quantum mechanics is taken into consideration. ..."
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Cited by 1278 (4 self)
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. This paper considers factoring integers and finding discrete logarithms, two problems which are generally thought to be hard on a classical computer and which have been used as the basis of several proposed cryptosystems. Efficient randomized algorithms are given for these two problems on a hypothetical
The Advantages of Evolutionary Computation
, 1997
"... Evolutionary computation is becoming common in the solution of difficult, realworld problems in industry, medicine, and defense. This paper reviews some of the practical advantages to using evolutionary algorithms as compared with classic methods of optimization or artificial intelligence. Specific ..."
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Cited by 543 (6 self)
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Evolutionary computation is becoming common in the solution of difficult, realworld problems in industry, medicine, and defense. This paper reviews some of the practical advantages to using evolutionary algorithms as compared with classic methods of optimization or artificial intelligence. Specific
Erasure and Duplication in Classical Computation
"... We present the *Xcalculus, a linear model of computation, which has a direct CurryHoward correspondence with classical logic. The logical setting is classical sequent calculus. *X introduces terms for explicit erasure and duplication, which correspond to weakening and contraction on the logical si ..."
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We present the *Xcalculus, a linear model of computation, which has a direct CurryHoward correspondence with classical logic. The logical setting is classical sequent calculus. *X introduces terms for explicit erasure and duplication, which correspond to weakening and contraction on the logical
Reasoning the fast and frugal way: Models of bounded rationality.
 Psychological Review,
, 1996
"... Humans and animals make inferences about the world under limited time and knowledge. In contrast, many models of rational inference treat the mind as a Laplacean Demon, equipped with unlimited time, knowledge, and computational might. Following H. Simon's notion of satisncing, the authors have ..."
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Cited by 609 (30 self)
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have proposed a family of algorithms based on a simple psychological mechanism: onereason decision making. These fast and frugal algorithms violate fundamental tenets of classical rationality: They neither look up nor integrate all information. By computer simulation, the authors held a competition
The Ant System: Optimization by a colony of cooperating agents
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICSPART B
, 1996
"... An analogy with the way ant colonies function has suggested the definition of a new computational paradigm, which we call Ant System. We propose it as a viable new approach to stochastic combinatorial optimization. The main characteristics of this model are positive feedback, distributed computation ..."
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Cited by 1301 (46 self)
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An analogy with the way ant colonies function has suggested the definition of a new computational paradigm, which we call Ant System. We propose it as a viable new approach to stochastic combinatorial optimization. The main characteristics of this model are positive feedback, distributed
Rapid solution of problems by quantum computation
 IN PROC
, 1992
"... A class of problems is described which can be solved more efficiently by quantum computation than by any classical or stochastic method. The quantum computation solves the problem with certainty in exponentially less time than any classical deterministic computation. ..."
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Cited by 441 (4 self)
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A class of problems is described which can be solved more efficiently by quantum computation than by any classical or stochastic method. The quantum computation solves the problem with certainty in exponentially less time than any classical deterministic computation.
A Fast Quantum Mechanical Algorithm for Database Search
 ANNUAL ACM SYMPOSIUM ON THEORY OF COMPUTING
, 1996
"... Imagine a phone directory containing N names arranged in completely random order. In order to find someone's phone number with a probability of , any classical algorithm (whether deterministic or probabilistic)
will need to look at a minimum of names. Quantum mechanical systems can be in a supe ..."
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Cited by 1133 (10 self)
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Imagine a phone directory containing N names arranged in completely random order. In order to find someone's phone number with a probability of , any classical algorithm (whether deterministic or probabilistic)
will need to look at a minimum of names. Quantum mechanical systems can be in a
Results 1  10
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