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Comprehending Monads
 Mathematical Structures in Computer Science
, 1992
"... Category theorists invented monads in the 1960's to concisely express certain aspects of universal algebra. Functional programmers invented list comprehensions in the 1970's to concisely express certain programs involving lists. This paper shows how list comprehensions may be generalised t ..."
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Cited by 522 (16 self)
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Category theorists invented monads in the 1960's to concisely express certain aspects of universal algebra. Functional programmers invented list comprehensions in the 1970's to concisely express certain programs involving lists. This paper shows how list comprehensions may be generalised
ChernSimons Gauge Theory as a String Theory
, 2003
"... Certain two dimensional topological field theories can be interpreted as string theory backgrounds in which the usual decoupling of ghosts and matter does not hold. Like ordinary string models, these can sometimes be given spacetime interpretations. For instance, threedimensional ChernSimons gaug ..."
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Cited by 551 (14 self)
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Simons gauge theory can arise as a string theory. The worldsheet model in this case involves a topological sigma model. Instanton contributions to the sigma model give rise to Wilson line insertions in the spacetime ChernSimons theory. A certain holomorphic analog of ChernSimons theory can also arise as a
Short signatures from the Weil pairing
, 2001
"... Abstract. We introduce a short signature scheme based on the Computational DiffieHellman assumption on certain elliptic and hyperelliptic curves. The signature length is half the size of a DSA signature for a similar level of security. Our short signature scheme is designed for systems where signa ..."
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Cited by 743 (28 self)
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Abstract. We introduce a short signature scheme based on the Computational DiffieHellman assumption on certain elliptic and hyperelliptic curves. The signature length is half the size of a DSA signature for a similar level of security. Our short signature scheme is designed for systems where
The Plenoptic Function and the Elements of Early Vision
 Computational Models of Visual Processing
, 1991
"... experiment. Electrophysiologists have described neurons in striate cortex that are selectively sensitive to certain visual properties; for reviews, see Hubel (1988) and DeValois and DeValois (1988). Psychophysicists have inferred the existence of channels that are tuned for certain visual properties ..."
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Cited by 573 (4 self)
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experiment. Electrophysiologists have described neurons in striate cortex that are selectively sensitive to certain visual properties; for reviews, see Hubel (1988) and DeValois and DeValois (1988). Psychophysicists have inferred the existence of channels that are tuned for certain visual
Hierarchical Models of Object Recognition in Cortex
, 1999
"... The classical model of visual processing in cortex is a hierarchy of increasingly sophisticated representations, extending in a natural way the model of simple to complex cells of Hubel and Wiesel. Somewhat surprisingly, little quantitative modeling has been done in the last 15 years to explore th ..."
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Cited by 817 (84 self)
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predictions. The model is based on a novel MAXlike operation on the inputs to certain cortical neurons which may have a general role in cortical function.
Superconformal field theory on threebranes at a CalabiYau singularity
 Nucl. Phys. B
, 1998
"... Just as parallel threebranes on a smooth manifold are related to string theory on AdS5 × S 5, parallel threebranes near a conical singularity are related to string theory on AdS5 × X5, for a suitable X5. For the example of the conifold singularity, for which X5 = (SU(2) × SU(2))/U(1), we argue that ..."
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Cited by 690 (37 self)
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Just as parallel threebranes on a smooth manifold are related to string theory on AdS5 × S 5, parallel threebranes near a conical singularity are related to string theory on AdS5 × X5, for a suitable X5. For the example of the conifold singularity, for which X5 = (SU(2) × SU(2))/U(1), we argue
Space/Time Tradeoffs in Hash Coding with Allowable Errors
 Communications of the ACM
, 1970
"... this paper tradeoffs among certain computational factors in hash coding are analyzed. The paradigm problem considered is that of testing a series of messages onebyone for membership in a given set of messages. Two new hash coding methods are examined and compared with a particular conventional h ..."
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Cited by 2067 (0 self)
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this paper tradeoffs among certain computational factors in hash coding are analyzed. The paradigm problem considered is that of testing a series of messages onebyone for membership in a given set of messages. Two new hash coding methods are examined and compared with a particular conventional
Energy Conserving Routing in Wireless Adhoc Networks
, 2000
"... An adhoc network of wireless static nodes is considered as it arises in a rapidly deployed, sensor based, monitoring system. Information is generated in certain nodes and needs to reach a set of designated gateway nodes. Each node may adjust its power within a certain range that determines the set ..."
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Cited by 611 (2 self)
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An adhoc network of wireless static nodes is considered as it arises in a rapidly deployed, sensor based, monitoring system. Information is generated in certain nodes and needs to reach a set of designated gateway nodes. Each node may adjust its power within a certain range that determines
Factor Graphs and the SumProduct Algorithm
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION THEORY
, 1998
"... A factor graph is a bipartite graph that expresses how a "global" function of many variables factors into a product of "local" functions. Factor graphs subsume many other graphical models including Bayesian networks, Markov random fields, and Tanner graphs. Following one simple c ..."
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Cited by 1787 (72 self)
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A factor graph is a bipartite graph that expresses how a "global" function of many variables factors into a product of "local" functions. Factor graphs subsume many other graphical models including Bayesian networks, Markov random fields, and Tanner graphs. Following one simple
A taxonomy of web search
 SIGIR FORUM
, 2002
"... Classic IR (information retrieval) is inherently predicated on users searching for information, the socalled "information need". But the need behind a web search is often not informational  it might be navigational (give me the url of the site I want to reach) or transactional (show me s ..."
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Cited by 639 (4 self)
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sites where I can perform a certain transaction, e.g. shop, download a file, or find a map). We explore this taxonomy of web searches and discuss how global search engines evolved to deal with webspecific needs.
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