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Apoptosis: a Basic Biological Phenomenon with Wideranging Implications in Tissue Kinetics
 Br. J. Cancer
, 1972
"... Summary.The term apoptosis is proposed for a hitherto little recognized mechanism of controlled cell deletion, which appears to play a complementary but opposite role to mitosis in the regulation of animal cell populations. Its morphological features suggest that it is an active, inherently program ..."
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Cited by 612 (6 self)
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Summary.The term apoptosis is proposed for a hitherto little recognized mechanism of controlled cell deletion, which appears to play a complementary but opposite role to mitosis in the regulation of animal cell populations. Its morphological features suggest that it is an active, inherently programmed phenomenon, and it has been shown that it can be initiated or inhibited by a variety of environmental stimuli, both physiological and pathological. The structural changes take place in two discrete stages. The first comprises nuclear and cytoplasmic condensation and breaking up of the cell into a number of membranebound, ultrastructurally wellpreserved fragments. In the second stage these apoptotic bodies are shed from epitheliallined surfaces or are taken up by other cells, where they undergo a series of changes resembling in vitro autolysis within phagosomes, and are rapidly degraded by lysosomal enzymes derived from the ingesting cells. Apoptosis seems to be involved in cell turnover in many healthy adult tissues and is responsible for focal elimination of cells during normal embryonic development. It occurs spontaneously in untreated malignant neoplasms, and participates in at least some types of therapeutically induced tumour regression. It is implicated in both physiological involution and atrophy of various tissues and organs. It can also be triggered by noxious agents, both in the embryo and adult animal. IN recent years it has become widely recognized that spontaneous loss of cells is an important parameter in neoplastic
The space complexity of approximating the frequency moments
 JOURNAL OF COMPUTER AND SYSTEM SCIENCES
, 1996
"... The frequency moments of a sequence containing mi elements of type i, for 1 ≤ i ≤ n, are the numbers Fk = �n i=1 mki. We consider the space complexity of randomized algorithms that approximate the numbers Fk, when the elements of the sequence are given one by one and cannot be stored. Surprisingly, ..."
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Cited by 855 (12 self)
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The frequency moments of a sequence containing mi elements of type i, for 1 ≤ i ≤ n, are the numbers Fk = �n i=1 mki. We consider the space complexity of randomized algorithms that approximate the numbers Fk, when the elements of the sequence are given one by one and cannot be stored. Surprisingly
Fast Parallel Algorithms for ShortRange Molecular Dynamics
 JOURNAL OF COMPUTATIONAL PHYSICS
, 1995
"... Three parallel algorithms for classical molecular dynamics are presented. The first assigns each processor a fixed subset of atoms; the second assigns each a fixed subset of interatomic forces to compute; the third assigns each a fixed spatial region. The algorithms are suitable for molecular dyn ..."
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Cited by 622 (6 self)
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dynamics models which can be difficult to parallelize efficiently  those with shortrange forces where the neighbors of each atom change rapidly. They can be implemented on any distributedmemory parallel machine which allows for messagepassing of data between independently executing processors
Globally Consistent Range Scan Alignment for Environment Mapping
 AUTONOMOUS ROBOTS
, 1997
"... A robot exploring an unknown environmentmay need to build a world model from sensor measurements. In order to integrate all the frames of sensor data, it is essential to align the data properly. An incremental approach has been typically used in the past, in which each local frame of data is alig ..."
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Cited by 536 (8 self)
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frames of measurements (range scans), together with the related issues of representation and manipulation of spatial uncertainties. Our approachistomaintain all the local frames of data as well as the relative spatial relationships between local frames. These spatial relationships are modeled
A Volumetric Method for Building Complex Models from Range Images
, 1996
"... A number of techniques have been developed for reconstructing surfaces by integrating groups of aligned range images. A desirable set of properties for such algorithms includes: incremental updating, representation of directional uncertainty, the ability to fill gaps in the reconstruction, and robus ..."
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Cited by 1018 (18 self)
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A number of techniques have been developed for reconstructing surfaces by integrating groups of aligned range images. A desirable set of properties for such algorithms includes: incremental updating, representation of directional uncertainty, the ability to fill gaps in the reconstruction
Recovering High Dynamic Range Radiance Maps from Photographs
"... We present a method of recovering high dynamic range radiance maps from photographs taken with conventional imaging equipment. In our method, multiple photographs of the scene are taken with different amounts of exposure. Our algorithm uses these differently exposed photographs to recover the respon ..."
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Cited by 856 (15 self)
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We present a method of recovering high dynamic range radiance maps from photographs taken with conventional imaging equipment. In our method, multiple photographs of the scene are taken with different amounts of exposure. Our algorithm uses these differently exposed photographs to recover
Capacity of Fading Channels with Channel Side Information
, 1997
"... We obtain the Shannon capacity of a fading channel with channel side information at the transmitter and receiver, and at the receiver alone. The optimal power adaptation in the former case is "waterpouring" in time, analogous to waterpouring in frequency for timeinvariant frequencysele ..."
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Cited by 579 (23 self)
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We obtain the Shannon capacity of a fading channel with channel side information at the transmitter and receiver, and at the receiver alone. The optimal power adaptation in the former case is "waterpouring" in time, analogous to waterpouring in frequency for timeinvariant frequency
PROBABILITY INEQUALITIES FOR SUMS OF BOUNDED RANDOM VARIABLES
, 1962
"... Upper bounds are derived for the probability that the sum S of n independent random variables exceeds its mean ES by a positive number nt. It is assumed that the range of each summand of S is bounded or bounded above. The bounds for Pr(SES> nt) depend only on the endpoints of the ranges of the s ..."
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Cited by 2217 (2 self)
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Upper bounds are derived for the probability that the sum S of n independent random variables exceeds its mean ES by a positive number nt. It is assumed that the range of each summand of S is bounded or bounded above. The bounds for Pr(SES> nt) depend only on the endpoints of the ranges
Representing twentieth century spacetime climate variability, part 1: development of a 196190 mean monthly terrestrial climatology
 Journal of Climate
, 1999
"... The construction of a 0.58 lat 3 0.58 long surface climatology of global land areas, excluding Antarctica, is described. The climatology represents the period 1961–90 and comprises a suite of nine variables: precipitation, wetday frequency, mean temperature, diurnal temperature range, vapor pressur ..."
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Cited by 551 (12 self)
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The construction of a 0.58 lat 3 0.58 long surface climatology of global land areas, excluding Antarctica, is described. The climatology represents the period 1961–90 and comprises a suite of nine variables: precipitation, wetday frequency, mean temperature, diurnal temperature range, vapor
Efficient similarity search in sequence databases
, 1994
"... We propose an indexing method for time sequences for processing similarity queries. We use the Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT) to map time sequences to the frequency domain, the crucial observation being that, for most sequences of practical interest, only the first few frequencies are strong. Anot ..."
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Cited by 505 (21 self)
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We propose an indexing method for time sequences for processing similarity queries. We use the Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT) to map time sequences to the frequency domain, the crucial observation being that, for most sequences of practical interest, only the first few frequencies are strong
Results 1  10
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3,473,631