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Social force model for pedestrian dynamics
 Physical Review E
, 1995
"... It is suggested that the motion of pedestrians can be described as if they would be subject to ‘social forces’. These ‘forces ’ are not directly exerted by the pedestrians ’ personal environment, but they are a measure for the internal motivations of the individuals to perform certain actions (movem ..."
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Cited by 504 (25 self)
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, terms reflecting that a pedestrian keeps a certain distance to other pedestrians and borders. Third, a term modeling attractive effects. The resulting equations of motion are nonlinearly coupled Langevin equations. Computer simulations of crowds of interacting pedestrians show that the social force
A volumetric method for building complex models from range images,”
 in Proceedings of the 23rd annual conference on Computer graphics and interactive techniques. ACM,
, 1996
"... Abstract A number of techniques have been developed for reconstructing surfaces by integrating groups of aligned range images. A desirable set of properties for such algorithms includes: incremental updating, representation of directional uncertainty, the ability to fill gaps in the reconstruction, ..."
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Cited by 1020 (17 self)
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, and robustness in the presence of outliers. Prior algorithms possess subsets of these properties. In this paper, we present a volumetric method for integrating range images that possesses all of these properties. Our volumetric representation consists of a cumulative weighted signed distance function. Working
Features of similarity.
 Psychological Review
, 1977
"... Similarity plays a fundamental role in theories of knowledge and behavior. It serves as an organizing principle by which individuals classify objects, form concepts, and make generalizations. Indeed, the concept of similarity is ubiquitous in psychological theory. It underlies the accounts of stimu ..."
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Cited by 1455 (2 self)
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. These models represent objects as points in some coordinate space such that the observed dissimilarities between objects correspond to the metric distances between the respective points. Practically all analyses of proximity data have been metric in nature, although some (e.g., hierarchical clustering) yield
Tracking multiple independent targets: Evidence for a parallel tracking mechanism
 Spatial Vision
, 1988
"... AbstractThere is considerable evidence that visual attention is concentrated at a single locus in the visual field, and that this locus can be moved independent of eye movements. Two studies are reported which suggest that, while certain aspects of attention require that locations\be scanned serial ..."
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Cited by 393 (23 self)
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AbstractThere is considerable evidence that visual attention is concentrated at a single locus in the visual field, and that this locus can be moved independent of eye movements. Two studies are reported which suggest that, while certain aspects of attention require that locations\be scanned
Localization from Mere Connectivity
 In Proceedings of the 4th ACM international symposium on Mobile ad hoc networking & computing
, 2003
"... It is often useful to know the geographic positions of nodes in a communications network, but adding GPS receivers or other sophisticated sensors to every node can be expensive. We present an algorithm that uses connectivity information— who is within communications range of whom—to derive the locat ..."
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Cited by 367 (9 self)
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the locations of the nodes in the network. The method can take advantage of additional information, such as estimated distances between neighbors or known positions for certain anchor nodes, if it is available. The algorithm is based on multidimensional scaling, a data analysis technique that takes O(n 3) time
The Average Distance in a Random Graph with Given Expected Degrees
"... Random graph theory is used to examine the “smallworld phenomenon”– any two strangers are connected through a short chain of mutual acquaintances. We will show that for certain families of random graphs with given expected degrees, the average distance is almost surely of order log n / log ˜ d whe ..."
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Cited by 289 (13 self)
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Random graph theory is used to examine the “smallworld phenomenon”– any two strangers are connected through a short chain of mutual acquaintances. We will show that for certain families of random graphs with given expected degrees, the average distance is almost surely of order log n / log ˜ d
On Beamforming with Finite Rate Feedback in Multiple Antenna Systems
, 2003
"... In this paper, we study a multiple antenna system where the transmitter is equipped with quantized information about instantaneous channel realizations. Assuming that the transmitter uses the quantized information for beamforming, we derive a universal lower bound on the outage probability for any f ..."
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Cited by 272 (14 self)
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between any two beamforming vectors in the beamformer codebook, and is equivalent to the problem of designing unitary space time codes under certain conditions. Finally, we show that good beamformers are good packings of 2dimensional subspaces in a 2tdimensional real Grassmannian manifold with chordal
Gossipbased aggregation in large dynamic networks
 ACM TRANS. COMPUT. SYST
, 2005
"... As computer networks increase in size, become more heterogeneous and span greater geographic distances, applications must be designed to cope with the very large scale, poor reliability, and often, with the extreme dynamism of the underlying network. Aggregation is a key functional building block fo ..."
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Cited by 271 (43 self)
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As computer networks increase in size, become more heterogeneous and span greater geographic distances, applications must be designed to cope with the very large scale, poor reliability, and often, with the extreme dynamism of the underlying network. Aggregation is a key functional building block
Generalization Of An Inequality By Talagrand, And Links With The Logarithmic Sobolev Inequality
 J. Funct. Anal
, 2000
"... . We show that transport inequalities, similar to the one derived by Talagrand [30] for the Gaussian measure, are implied by logarithmic Sobolev inequalities. Conversely, Talagrand's inequality implies a logarithmic Sobolev inequality if the density of the measure is approximately logconcave, ..."
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Cited by 244 (12 self)
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concave, in a precise sense. All constants are independent of the dimension, and optimal in certain cases. The proofs are based on partial dierential equations, and an interpolation inequality involving the Wasserstein distance, the entropy functional and the Fisher information. Contents 1. Introduction 1 2
Distance to Frontier, Selection and Economic Growth.” NBER Working Paper 9066
, 2002
"... We analyze an economy where firms undertake both innovation and adoption of technologies from the world technology frontier. The selection of highskill managers and firms is more important for innovation than for adoption. As the economy approaches the frontier, selection becomes more important. Co ..."
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Cited by 176 (9 self)
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, younger firms, less investment and better selection of firms and managers. We show that relatively backward economies may switch out of the investmentbased strategy too soon, so certain policies, such as limits on product market competition or investment subsidies, that encourage the investment
Results 1  10
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