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Causality, Conditional Exogeneity, and Granger Causality
, 2007
"... We relate notions of structural causality and conditional exogeneity as de
ned in White and Chalak (2006) (WC) to the concept of Granger causality. We show that given conditional exogeneity, structural noncausality implies retrospective Granger noncausality, an extension of the classical Granger ..."
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We relate notions of structural causality and conditional exogeneity as de
ned in White and Chalak (2006) (WC) to the concept of Granger causality. We show that given conditional exogeneity, structural noncausality implies retrospective Granger noncausality, an extension of the classical Granger
Causation and causal conditionals
 Principles of Knowledge Representation and Reasoning: Proceedings of the Ninth Conference (KR2004
, 2004
"... Causation is defined recursively: event e is the cause of condition φ in context c iff e is the only sufficient cause of φ in c, and removing e from c either removes φ from c or results in some other event causing φ. A logical language is then defined, in which it is possible to represent and reaso ..."
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Cited by 5 (2 self)
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Causation is defined recursively: event e is the cause of condition φ in context c iff e is the only sufficient cause of φ in c, and removing e from c either removes φ from c or results in some other event causing φ. A logical language is then defined, in which it is possible to represent
Paraphrases of Counterfactual and Causal Conditionals
"... Counterfactual conditionals seem to be understood differently from factual conditionals. People may understand a factual conditional, e.g., ‘if Joe cut his finger it bled ’ by initially envisaging just one true possibility, ‘Joe ..."
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Counterfactual conditionals seem to be understood differently from factual conditionals. People may understand a factual conditional, e.g., ‘if Joe cut his finger it bled ’ by initially envisaging just one true possibility, ‘Joe
The Central Role of the Propensity Score in Observational Studies for Causal Effects.
 Biometrika
, 1983
"... SUMMARY The propensity score is the conditional probability of assignment to a particular treatment given a vector of observed covariates. Both large and small sample theory show that adjustment for the scalar propensity score is sufficient to remove bias due to all observed covariates. Application ..."
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Cited by 2779 (26 self)
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SUMMARY The propensity score is the conditional probability of assignment to a particular treatment given a vector of observed covariates. Both large and small sample theory show that adjustment for the scalar propensity score is sufficient to remove bias due to all observed covariates
WORKING MEMORY AND COUNTEREXAMPLE RETRIEVAL FOR CAUSAL CONDITIONALS
"... The present study is part of recent attempts to specify the characteristics of the counterexample retrieval process during causal conditional reasoning. The study tried to pinpoint whether the retrieval of stored counterexamples (alternative causes and disabling conditions) for a causal conditional ..."
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Cited by 8 (3 self)
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The present study is part of recent attempts to specify the characteristics of the counterexample retrieval process during causal conditional reasoning. The study tried to pinpoint whether the retrieval of stored counterexamples (alternative causes and disabling conditions) for a causal conditional
Causal conditioning and instantaneous coupling in causality graphs
, 2014
"... The paper investigates the link between Granger causality graphs recently formalized by Eichler and directed information theory developed by Massey and Kramer. We particularly insist on the implication of two notions of causality that may occur in physical systems. It is well accepted that dynamica ..."
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namical causality is assessed by the conditional transfer entropy, a measure appearing naturally as a part of directed information. Surprisingly the notion of instantaneous causality is often overlooked, even if it was clearly understood in early works. In the bivariate case, instantaneous coupling is mea
VIOLATIONS OF THE RTG CAUSALITY CONDITION IN HOMOGENEOUS UNIVERSE SOLUTIONS OF RTG
"... Abstract. We consider some examples of homogeneous universe solutions of the equations of the relativistic theory of gravity which violate the causality condition of this theory. 1. ..."
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Abstract. We consider some examples of homogeneous universe solutions of the equations of the relativistic theory of gravity which violate the causality condition of this theory. 1.
Motivation through the Design of Work: Test of a Theory. Organizational Behavior and Human Performance,
, 1976
"... A model is proposed that specifies the conditions under which individuals will become internally motivated to perform effectively on their jobs. The model focuses on the interaction among three classes of variables: (a) the psychological states of employees that must be present for internally motiv ..."
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Cited by 622 (2 self)
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A model is proposed that specifies the conditions under which individuals will become internally motivated to perform effectively on their jobs. The model focuses on the interaction among three classes of variables: (a) the psychological states of employees that must be present for internally
Discrete group actions on spacetimes: causality conditions and the causal boundary
 Class. Quantum Grav
"... Abstract. Suppose a spacetime M is a quotient of a spacetime V by a discrete group of isometries. It is shown how causality conditions in the two spacetimes are related, and how can one learn about the future causal boundary on M by studying structures in V. The relations between the two are particu ..."
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Cited by 2 (0 self)
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Abstract. Suppose a spacetime M is a quotient of a spacetime V by a discrete group of isometries. It is shown how causality conditions in the two spacetimes are related, and how can one learn about the future causal boundary on M by studying structures in V. The relations between the two
Achievement goals in the classroom: Students’ learning strategies and motivation processes
 Journal of Educational Psychology
, 1988
"... We studied how specific motivational processes are related to the salience of mastery and performance goals in actual classroom settings. One hundred seventysix students attending a junior high/high school for academically advanced students were randomly selected from one of their classes and respo ..."
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Cited by 433 (1 self)
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and responded to a questionnaire on their perceptions of the classroom goal orientation, use of effective learning strategies, task choices, attitudes, and causal attributions. Students who perceived an emphasis on mastery goals in the classroom reported using more effective strategies, preferred challenging
Results 1  10
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