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78,007
Towards a background independent approach to M theory
 SUPERSTRINGS, M,F,S....THEORY
, 1998
"... Work in progress is described which aims to construct a background independent formulation of M theory by extending results about background independent states and observables from quantum general relativity and supergravity to string theory. A list of principles for such a theory is proposed which ..."
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Cited by 4 (1 self)
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is drawn from results of both string theory and nonperturbative approaches to quantum gravity. Progress is reported on a background independent membrane field theory and on a realization of the holographic principle based on finite surfaces.
Quantum Gravity
, 2004
"... We describe the basic assumptions and key results of loop quantum gravity, which is a background independent approach to quantum gravity. The emphasis is on the basic physical principles and how one deduces predictions from them, at a level suitable for physicists in other areas such as string theor ..."
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Cited by 572 (11 self)
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We describe the basic assumptions and key results of loop quantum gravity, which is a background independent approach to quantum gravity. The emphasis is on the basic physical principles and how one deduces predictions from them, at a level suitable for physicists in other areas such as string
Nonparametric model for background subtraction
 in ECCV ’00
, 2000
"... Abstract. Background subtraction is a method typically used to segment moving regions in image sequences taken from a static camera by comparing each new frame to a model of the scene background. We present a novel nonparametric background model and a background subtraction approach. The model can ..."
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Cited by 545 (17 self)
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Abstract. Background subtraction is a method typically used to segment moving regions in image sequences taken from a static camera by comparing each new frame to a model of the scene background. We present a novel nonparametric background model and a background subtraction approach. The model
A new scale of social desirability independent of psychopathology
 Journal of Consulting Psychology
, 1960
"... It has long been recognized that personality test scores are influenced by nontestrelevant response determinants. Wiggins and Rumrill (1959) distinguish three approaches to this problem. Briefly, interest in the problem of response distortion has been concerned with attempts at statistical correct ..."
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Cited by 695 (1 self)
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It has long been recognized that personality test scores are influenced by nontestrelevant response determinants. Wiggins and Rumrill (1959) distinguish three approaches to this problem. Briefly, interest in the problem of response distortion has been concerned with attempts at statistical
Fast and robust fixedpoint algorithms for independent component analysis
 IEEE TRANS. NEURAL NETW
, 1999
"... Independent component analysis (ICA) is a statistical method for transforming an observed multidimensional random vector into components that are statistically as independent from each other as possible. In this paper, we use a combination of two different approaches for linear ICA: Comon’s informat ..."
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Cited by 884 (34 self)
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Independent component analysis (ICA) is a statistical method for transforming an observed multidimensional random vector into components that are statistically as independent from each other as possible. In this paper, we use a combination of two different approaches for linear ICA: Comon’s
A translation approach to portable ontology specifications
 KNOWLEDGE ACQUISITION
, 1993
"... To support the sharing and reuse of formally represented knowledge among AI systems, it is useful to define the common vocabulary in which shared knowledge is represented. A specification of a representational vocabulary for a shared domain of discourse — definitions of classes, relations, functions ..."
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Cited by 3365 (9 self)
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, including framebased systems as well as relational languages. This allows researchers to share and reuse ontologies, while retaining the computational benefits of specialized implementations. We discuss how the translation approach to portability addresses several technical problems. One problem is how
Evaluating the Accuracy of SamplingBased Approaches to the Calculation of Posterior Moments
 IN BAYESIAN STATISTICS
, 1992
"... Data augmentation and Gibbs sampling are two closely related, samplingbased approaches to the calculation of posterior moments. The fact that each produces a sample whose constituents are neither independent nor identically distributed complicates the assessment of convergence and numerical accurac ..."
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Cited by 604 (12 self)
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Data augmentation and Gibbs sampling are two closely related, samplingbased approaches to the calculation of posterior moments. The fact that each produces a sample whose constituents are neither independent nor identically distributed complicates the assessment of convergence and numerical
Structural equation modeling in practice: a review and recommended twostep approach.
 Psychological Bulletin,
, 1988
"... In this article, we provide guidance for substantive researchers on the use of structural equation modeling in practice for theory testing and development. We present a comprehensive, twostep modeling approach that employs a series of nested models and sequential chisquare difference tests. We di ..."
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Cited by 1825 (3 self)
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discuss the comparative advantages of this approach over a onestep approach. Considerations in specification, assessment of fit, and respecification of measurement models using confirmatory factor analysis are reviewed. As background to the twostep approach, the distinction between exploratory
Quicktime VR  an imagebased approach to virtual environment navigation.
 In SIGGRAPH 95 Conference Proceedings,
, 1995
"... ABSTRACT Traditionally, virtual reality systems use 3D computer graphics to model and render virtual environments in realtime. This approach usually requires laborious modeling and expensive special purpose rendering hardware. The rendering quality and scene complexity are often limited because of ..."
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Cited by 527 (0 self)
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ABSTRACT Traditionally, virtual reality systems use 3D computer graphics to model and render virtual environments in realtime. This approach usually requires laborious modeling and expensive special purpose rendering hardware. The rendering quality and scene complexity are often limited because
Blind Signal Separation: Statistical Principles
, 2003
"... Blind signal separation (BSS) and independent component analysis (ICA) are emerging techniques of array processing and data analysis, aiming at recovering unobserved signals or `sources' from observed mixtures (typically, the output of an array of sensors), exploiting only the assumption of mut ..."
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Cited by 529 (4 self)
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of mutual independence between the signals. The weakness of the assumptions makes it a powerful approach but requires to venture beyond familiar second order statistics. The objective of this paper is to review some of the approaches that have been recently developed to address this exciting problem
Results 1  10
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78,007