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SCRIBE: A largescale and decentralized applicationlevel multicast infrastructure
 IEEE JOURNAL ON SELECTED AREAS IN COMMUNICATIONS (JSAC
, 2002
"... This paper presents Scribe, a scalable applicationlevel multicast infrastructure. Scribe supports large numbers of groups, with a potentially large number of members per group. Scribe is built on top of Pastry, a generic peertopeer object location and routing substrate overlayed on the Internet, ..."
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Cited by 658 (29 self)
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, and leverages Pastry's reliability, selforganization, and locality properties. Pastry is used to create and manage groups and to build efficient multicast trees for the dissemination of messages to each group. Scribe provides besteffort reliability guarantees, but we outline how an application can extend
Capacity of Ad Hoc Wireless Networks
"... Early simulation experience with wireless ad hoc networks suggests that their capacity can be surprisingly low, due to the requirement that nodes forward each others’ packets. The achievable capacity depends on network size, traffic patterns, and detailed local radio interactions. This paper examine ..."
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Cited by 636 (14 self)
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simulation results with experiments. We also show that the traffic pattern determines whether an ad hoc network’s per node capacity will scale to large networks. In particular, we show that for total capacity to scale up with network size the average distance between source and destination nodes must remain
Loopy belief propagation for approximate inference: An empirical study. In:
 Proceedings of Uncertainty in AI,
, 1999
"... Abstract Recently, researchers have demonstrated that "loopy belief propagation" the use of Pearl's polytree algorithm in a Bayesian network with loops can perform well in the context of errorcorrecting codes. The most dramatic instance of this is the near Shannonlimit performanc ..."
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Cited by 676 (15 self)
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of the leaves were represented by a noisyor: ? (Child= OIParents) = eBoL; B,Paren t; where 110 represents the "leak" term. The QMRDT network The QMRDT is a bipartite network whose structure is the same as that shown in figure 2 but the size is much larger. There are approximately 600 diseases
Understanding and using the Implicit Association Test: I. An improved scoring algorithm
 Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
, 2003
"... behavior relations Greenwald et al. Predictive validity of the IAT (Draft of 30 Dec 2008) 2 Abstract (131 words) This review of 122 research reports (184 independent samples, 14,900 subjects), found average r=.274 for prediction of behavioral, judgment, and physiological measures by Implic ..."
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Cited by 632 (94 self)
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by Implicit Association Test (IAT) measures. Parallel explicit (i.e., selfreport) measures, available in 156 of these samples (13,068 subjects), also predicted effectively (average r=.361), but with much greater variability of effect size. Predictive validity of selfreport was impaired for socially
A model of growth through creative destruction
, 1990
"... This paper develops a model based on Schumpeter's process of creative destruction. It departs from existing models of endogeneous growth in emphasizing obsolescence of old technologies induced by the accumulation of knowledge and the resulting process or industrial innovations. This has both ..."
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Cited by 1941 (27 self)
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the log of GNP follows a random walk with drift. The size of the drift is the average growth rate of the economy and it is endogeneous to the model; in particular it depends on the size and likilihood of innovations resulting from research and also on the degree of market power available to an innovator.
Proof verification and hardness of approximation problems
 IN PROC. 33RD ANN. IEEE SYMP. ON FOUND. OF COMP. SCI
, 1992
"... We show that every language in NP has a probablistic verifier that checks membership proofs for it using logarithmic number of random bits and by examining a constant number of bits in the proof. If a string is in the language, then there exists a proof such that the verifier accepts with probabilit ..."
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Cited by 797 (39 self)
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vertex cover, maximum satisfiability, maximum cut, metric TSP, Steiner trees and shortest superstring. We also improve upon the clique hardness results of Feige, Goldwasser, Lovász, Safra and Szegedy [42], and Arora and Safra [6] and shows that there exists a positive ɛ such that approximating
Solving multiclass learning problems via errorcorrecting output codes
 JOURNAL OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE RESEARCH
, 1995
"... Multiclass learning problems involve nding a de nition for an unknown function f(x) whose range is a discrete set containing k>2values (i.e., k \classes"). The de nition is acquired by studying collections of training examples of the form hx i;f(x i)i. Existing approaches to multiclass l ..."
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Cited by 726 (8 self)
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of multiclass learning tasks. We also demonstrate that this approach is robust with respect to changes in the size of the training sample, the assignment of distributed representations to particular classes, and the application of over tting avoidance techniques such as decisiontree pruning. Finally,we show
Optimal Aggregation Algorithms for Middleware
 IN PODS
, 2001
"... Assume that each object in a database has m grades, or scores, one for each of m attributes. For example, an object can have a color grade, that tells how red it is, and a shape grade, that tells how round it is. For each attribute, there is a sorted list, which lists each object and its grade under ..."
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Cited by 717 (4 self)
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under that attribute, sorted by grade (highest grade first). There is some monotone aggregation function, or combining rule, such as min or average, that combines the individual grades to obtain an overall grade. To determine the top k objects (that have the best overall grades), the naive algorithm
Semantics of ContextFree Languages
 In Mathematical Systems Theory
, 1968
"... "Meaning " may be assigned to a string in a contextfree language by defining "attributes " of the symbols in a derivation tree for that string. The attributes can be defined by functions associated with each production in the grammar. This paper examines the implications of th ..."
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Cited by 569 (0 self)
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"Meaning " may be assigned to a string in a contextfree language by defining "attributes " of the symbols in a derivation tree for that string. The attributes can be defined by functions associated with each production in the grammar. This paper examines the implications
Mining Sequential Patterns: Generalizations and Performance Improvements
 RESEARCH REPORT RJ 9994, IBM ALMADEN RESEARCH
, 1995
"... The problem of mining sequential patterns was recently introduced in [3]. We are given a database of sequences, where each sequence is a list of transactions ordered by transactiontime, and each transaction is a set of items. The problem is to discover all sequential patterns with a userspecified ..."
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Cited by 759 (5 self)
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these generalized sequential patterns. Empirical evaluation using synthetic and reallife data indicates that GSP is much faster than the AprioriAll algorithm presented in [3]. GSP scales linearly with the number of datasequences, and has very good scaleup properties with respect to the average datasequence size.
Results 21  30
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