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AverageRate Contingent Claims
, 1998
"... This article studies the valuation of averagerate contingent claims (both arithmetic and geometric), whose importance in corporate risk management is increasing rapidly. Arbitragefree characterizations are provided for such optionlike Asian claims. When the spot price is governed by a onedimens ..."
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This article studies the valuation of averagerate contingent claims (both arithmetic and geometric), whose importance in corporate risk management is increasing rapidly. Arbitragefree characterizations are provided for such optionlike Asian claims. When the spot price is governed by a one
Average rate speed scaling
 In Latin American Theoretical Informatics Symposium, 2008. Nikhil Bansal, HoLeung Chan, Kirk Pruhs, and Dmitriy RogozhnikovKatz. Improved
, 2007
"... Speed scaling is a power management technique that involves dynamically changing the speed of a processor. This gives rise to dualobjective scheduling problems, where the operating system both wants to conserve energy and optimize some Quality of Service (QoS) measure of the resulting schedule. Yao ..."
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Cited by 15 (6 self)
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. Yao, Demers, and Shenker [4] considered the problem where the QoS constraint is deadline feasibility and the objective is to minimize the energy used. They proposed an online speed scaling algorithm Average Rate (AVR) that runs each job at a constant speed between its release and its deadline
The Average Rate of Change 1 Running head: THE AVERAGE RATE OF CHANGE Delineating the Average Rate of Change in Longitudinal Models
"... The average rate of change is a concept that has been misunderstood in the literature. The present article attempts to clarify the concept and show unequivocally the mathematical definition and meaning of the average rate of change in longitudinal models. The slope from the straightline change mode ..."
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The average rate of change is a concept that has been misunderstood in the literature. The present article attempts to clarify the concept and show unequivocally the mathematical definition and meaning of the average rate of change in longitudinal models. The slope from the straightline change
The ratedistortion function for source coding with side information at the decoder
 IEEE Trans. Inform. Theory
, 1976
"... AbstractLet {(X,, Y,J}r = 1 be a sequence of independent drawings of a pair of dependent random variables X, Y. Let us say that X takes values in the finite set 6. It is desired to encode the sequence {X,} in blocks of length n into a binary stream*of rate R, which can in turn be decoded as a seque ..."
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Cited by 1060 (1 self)
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the quantity R*(d). defined as the infimum of rates R such that (with E> 0 arbitrarily small and with suitably large n) communication is possible in the above setting at an average distortion level (as defined above) not exceeding d + E. The main result is that R*(d) = inf[Z(X,Z) Z(Y,Z)], where
Inflation and Growth
, 1996
"... In recent years, many central banks have placed increased emphasis on price stability. Monetary policyâwhether expressed in terms of interest rates or growth of monetary aggregatesâhas been increasingly geared toward the achievement of low and stable inflation. Central bankers and most other obs ..."
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Cited by 3577 (23 self)
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observers view price stability as a worthy objective because they think that inflation is costly. Some of these costs involve the average rate of inflation, and others relate to the variability and uncertainty of inflation. But the general idea is that businesses and households are thought to perform poorly
A scheduling model for reduced CPU energy
 ANNUAL SYMPOSIUM ON FOUNDATIONS OF COMPUTER SCIENCE
, 1995
"... The energy usage of computer systems is becoming an important consideration, especially for batteryoperated systems. Various methods for reducing energy consumption have been investigated, both at the circuit level and at the operating systems level. In this paper, we propose a simple model of job s ..."
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Cited by 558 (3 self)
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an offline algorithm that computes, for any set of jobs, a minimumenergy schedule. We then consider some online algorithms and their competitive performance for the power function P(s) = sp where p 3 2. It is shown that one natural heuristic, called the Average Rate heuristic, uses at most a constant
An extended set of Haarlike features for rapid objection detection
 IEEE ICIP
"... Recently Viola et al. [5] have introduced a rapid object detection scheme based on a boosted cascade of simple feature classifiers. In this paper we introduce a novel set of rotated haarlike features. These novel features significantly enrich the simple features of [5] and can also be calculated ef ..."
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Cited by 577 (4 self)
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efficiently. With these new rotated features our sample face detector shows off on average a 10 % lower false alarm rate at a given hit rate. We also present a novel post optimization procedure for a given boosted cascade improving on average the false alarm rate further by 12.5%. 1
Virtual clock: A new traffic control algorithm for packet switching networks
 In Proc. ACM SIGCOMM
, 1990
"... A challenging research issue in high speed networking is how to control the transmission rate of statistical data P OWS. This paper describes a new algorithm, VirtualClock, for data trafic control in highspeed networks. VirtualClock maintains the statistical multiplexing flexibility of packet swit ..."
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Cited by 617 (4 self)
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switching while ensuring each data flow its reserved average throughput rate at the same time. The algorithm has been tested through simulation, 1
Delineating the Average Rate of Change in Longitudinal Models
"... The average rate of change is a concept that has been misunderstood in the literature. This article attempts to clarify the concept and show unequivocally the mathematical definition and meaning of the average rate of change in longitudinal models. The slope from the straightline change model has a ..."
Abstract

Cited by 2 (2 self)
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The average rate of change is a concept that has been misunderstood in the literature. This article attempts to clarify the concept and show unequivocally the mathematical definition and meaning of the average rate of change in longitudinal models. The slope from the straightline change model has
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