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Image analogies
, 2001
"... Figure 1 An image analogy. Our problem is to compute a new “analogous ” image B ′ that relates to B in “the same way ” as A ′ relates to A. Here, A, A ′ , and B are inputs to our algorithm, and B ′ is the output. The fullsize images are shown in Figures 10 and 11. This paper describes a new framewo ..."
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Cited by 455 (8 self)
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is applied to some new target image in order to create an “analogous” filtered result. Image analogies are based on a simple multiscale autoregression, inspired primarily by recent results in texture synthesis. By choosing different types of source image pairs as input, the framework supports a wide variety
KodairaSpencer theory of gravity and exact results for quantum string amplitudes
 Commun. Math. Phys
, 1994
"... We develop techniques to compute higher loop string amplitudes for twisted N = 2 theories with ĉ = 3 (i.e. the critical case). An important ingredient is the discovery of an anomaly at every genus in decoupling of BRST trivial states, captured to all orders by a master anomaly equation. In a particu ..."
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Cited by 540 (59 self)
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particular realization of the N = 2 theories, the resulting string field theory is equivalent to a topological theory in six dimensions, the Kodaira– Spencer theory, which may be viewed as the closed string analog of the Chern–Simon theory. Using the mirror map this leads to computation of the ‘number
PROBABILITY INEQUALITIES FOR SUMS OF BOUNDED RANDOM VARIABLES
, 1962
"... Upper bounds are derived for the probability that the sum S of n independent random variables exceeds its mean ES by a positive number nt. It is assumed that the range of each summand of S is bounded or bounded above. The bounds for Pr(SES> nt) depend only on the endpoints of the ranges of the s ..."
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Cited by 2215 (2 self)
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of the smumands and the mean, or the mean and the variance of S. These results are then used to obtain analogous inequalities for certain sums of dependent random variables such as U statistics and the sum of a random sample without replacement from a finite population.
Capacity of Fading Channels with Channel Side Information
, 1997
"... We obtain the Shannon capacity of a fading channel with channel side information at the transmitter and receiver, and at the receiver alone. The optimal power adaptation in the former case is "waterpouring" in time, analogous to waterpouring in frequency for timeinvariant frequencysele ..."
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Cited by 586 (20 self)
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We obtain the Shannon capacity of a fading channel with channel side information at the transmitter and receiver, and at the receiver alone. The optimal power adaptation in the former case is "waterpouring" in time, analogous to waterpouring in frequency for timeinvariant frequency
Stochastic relaxation, Gibbs distributions and the Bayesian restoration of images.
 IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell.
, 1984
"... AbstractWe make an analogy between images and statistical mechanics systems. Pixel gray levels and the presence and orientation of edges are viewed as states of atoms or molecules in a latticelike physical system. The assignment of an energy function in the physical system determines its Gibbs di ..."
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Cited by 5126 (1 self)
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system isolates low energy states ("annealing"), or what is the same thing, the most probable states under the Gibbs distribution. The analogous operation under the posterior distribution yields the maximum a posteriori (MAP) estimate of the image given the degraded observations. The result
Secure spread spectrum watermarking for multimedia
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON IMAGE PROCESSING
, 1997
"... This paper presents a secure (tamperresistant) algorithm for watermarking images, and a methodology for digital watermarking that may be generalized to audio, video, and multimedia data. We advocate that a watermark should be constructed as an independent and identically distributed (i.i.d.) Gauss ..."
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Cited by 1100 (10 self)
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, filtering, digitalanalog and analogdigital conversion, requantization, etc.), and common geometric transformations (such as cropping, scaling, translation, and rotation) provided that the original image is available and that it can be succesfully registered against the transformed watermarked image
The Ant System: Optimization by a colony of cooperating agents
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICSPART B
, 1996
"... An analogy with the way ant colonies function has suggested the definition of a new computational paradigm, which we call Ant System. We propose it as a viable new approach to stochastic combinatorial optimization. The main characteristics of this model are positive feedback, distributed computation ..."
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Cited by 1300 (46 self)
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An analogy with the way ant colonies function has suggested the definition of a new computational paradigm, which we call Ant System. We propose it as a viable new approach to stochastic combinatorial optimization. The main characteristics of this model are positive feedback, distributed
The algorithmic analysis of hybrid systems
 THEORETICAL COMPUTER SCIENCE
, 1995
"... We present a general framework for the formal specification and algorithmic analysis of hybrid systems. A hybrid system consists of a discrete program with an analog environment. We model hybrid systems as nite automata equipped with variables that evolve continuously with time according to dynamica ..."
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Cited by 778 (71 self)
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We present a general framework for the formal specification and algorithmic analysis of hybrid systems. A hybrid system consists of a discrete program with an analog environment. We model hybrid systems as nite automata equipped with variables that evolve continuously with time according
Evolving Neural Networks through Augmenting Topologies
 Evolutionary Computation
"... An important question in neuroevolution is how to gain an advantage from evolving neural network topologies along with weights. We present a method, NeuroEvolution of Augmenting Topologies (NEAT), which outperforms the best fixedtopology method on a challenging benchmark reinforcement learning task ..."
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Cited by 536 (112 self)
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that demonstrate that each component is necessary to the system as a whole and to each other. What results is significantly faster learning. NEAT is also an important contribution to GAs because it shows how it is possible for evolution to both optimize and complexify solutions simultaneously, offering
Video google: A text retrieval approach to object matching in videos
 In ICCV
, 2003
"... We describe an approach to object and scene retrieval which searches for and localizes all the occurrences of a user outlined object in a video. The object is represented by a set of viewpoint invariant region descriptors so that recognition can proceed successfully despite changes in viewpoint, ill ..."
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Cited by 1636 (42 self)
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, illumination and partial occlusion. The temporal continuity of the video within a shot is used to track the regions in order to reject unstable regions and reduce the effects of noise in the descriptors. The analogy with text retrieval is in the implementation where matches on descriptors are pre
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