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159,003
The dimension of almost spherical sections of convex bodies
 Acta Math
, 1977
"... The wellknown theorem of Dvoretzky [1] states that convex bodies of high dimension have low dimensional sections which are almost spherical. More precisely, the theorem states that for every integer k and every e> 0 there is an integer n(k, e) such that any Banach space X with dimension> n(k, ..."
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Cited by 101 (4 self)
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The wellknown theorem of Dvoretzky [1] states that convex bodies of high dimension have low dimensional sections which are almost spherical. More precisely, the theorem states that for every integer k and every e> 0 there is an integer n(k, e) such that any Banach space X with dimension> n
For Most Large Underdetermined Systems of Linear Equations the Minimal ℓ1norm Solution is also the Sparsest Solution
 Comm. Pure Appl. Math
, 2004
"... We consider linear equations y = Φα where y is a given vector in R n, Φ is a given n by m matrix with n < m ≤ An, and we wish to solve for α ∈ R m. We suppose that the columns of Φ are normalized to unit ℓ 2 norm 1 and we place uniform measure on such Φ. We prove the existence of ρ = ρ(A) so that ..."
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Cited by 560 (10 self)
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. In contrast, heuristic attempts to sparsely solve such systems – greedy algorithms and thresholding – perform poorly in this challenging setting. The techniques include the use of random proportional embeddings and almostspherical sections in Banach space theory, and deviation bounds for the eigenvalues
Contentbased image retrieval at the end of the early years
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PATTERN ANALYSIS AND MACHINE INTELLIGENCE
, 2000
"... The paper presents a review of 200 references in contentbased image retrieval. The paper starts with discussing the working conditions of contentbased retrieval: patterns of use, types of pictures, the role of semantics, and the sensory gap. Subsequent sections discuss computational steps for imag ..."
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Cited by 1594 (24 self)
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The paper presents a review of 200 references in contentbased image retrieval. The paper starts with discussing the working conditions of contentbased retrieval: patterns of use, types of pictures, the role of semantics, and the sensory gap. Subsequent sections discuss computational steps
Financial Intermediation and Growth: Causality and Causes
 JOURNAL OF MONETARY ECONOMICS
, 2000
"... This paper evaluates (1) whether the exogenous component of financial intermediary development influences economic growth and (2) whether crosscountry differences in legal and accounting systems (e.g., creditor rights, contract enforcement, and accounting standards) explain differences in the level ..."
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Cited by 788 (71 self)
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in the level of financial development. Using both traditional crosssection, instrumental variable procedures and recent dynamic panel techniques, we find that the exogenous components of financial intermediary development is positively associated with economic growth. Also, the data show that cross
ModelBased Clustering, Discriminant Analysis, and Density Estimation
 JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN STATISTICAL ASSOCIATION
, 2000
"... Cluster analysis is the automated search for groups of related observations in a data set. Most clustering done in practice is based largely on heuristic but intuitively reasonable procedures and most clustering methods available in commercial software are also of this type. However, there is little ..."
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Cited by 557 (28 self)
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Cluster analysis is the automated search for groups of related observations in a data set. Most clustering done in practice is based largely on heuristic but intuitively reasonable procedures and most clustering methods available in commercial software are also of this type. However, there is little systematic guidance associated with these methods for solving important practical questions that arise in cluster analysis, such as \How many clusters are there?", "Which clustering method should be used?" and \How should outliers be handled?". We outline a general methodology for modelbased clustering that provides a principled statistical approach to these issues. We also show that this can be useful for other problems in multivariate analysis, such as discriminant analysis and multivariate density estimation. We give examples from medical diagnosis, mineeld detection, cluster recovery from noisy data, and spatial density estimation. Finally, we mention limitations of the methodology, a...
Vivaldi: A Decentralized Network Coordinate System
 In SIGCOMM
, 2004
"... Largescale Internet applications can benefit from an ability to predict roundtrip times to other hosts without having to contact them first. Explicit measurements are often unattractive because the cost of measurement can outweigh the benefits of exploiting proximity information. Vivaldi is a simp ..."
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Cited by 593 (5 self)
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Largescale Internet applications can benefit from an ability to predict roundtrip times to other hosts without having to contact them first. Explicit measurements are often unattractive because the cost of measurement can outweigh the benefits of exploiting proximity information. Vivaldi is a simple, lightweight algorithm that assigns synthetic coordinates to hosts such that the distance between the coordinates of two hosts accurately predicts the communication latency between the hosts.
Predicting Internet Network Distance with CoordinatesBased Approaches
 In INFOCOM
, 2001
"... In this paper, we propose to use coordinatesbased mechanisms in a peertopeer architecture to predict Internet network distance (i.e. roundtrip propagation and transmission delay) . We study two mechanisms. The first is a previously proposed scheme, called the triangulated heuristic, which is bas ..."
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Cited by 633 (5 self)
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In this paper, we propose to use coordinatesbased mechanisms in a peertopeer architecture to predict Internet network distance (i.e. roundtrip propagation and transmission delay) . We study two mechanisms. The first is a previously proposed scheme, called the triangulated heuristic, which is based on relative coordinates that are simply the distances from a host to some special network nodes. We propose the second mechanism, called Global Network Positioning (GNP), which is based on absolute coordinates computed from modeling the Internet as a geometric space. Since end hosts maintain their own coordinates, these approaches allow end hosts to compute their interhost distances as soon as they discover each other. Moreover coordinates are very efficient in summarizing interhost distances, making these approaches very scalable. By performing experiments using measured Internet distance data, we show that both coordinatesbased schemes are more accurate than the existing state of the art system IDMaps, and the GNP approach achieves the highest accuracy and robustness among them.
Improved Approximation Algorithms for Maximum Cut and Satisfiability Problems Using Semidefinite Programming
 Journal of the ACM
, 1995
"... We present randomized approximation algorithms for the maximum cut (MAX CUT) and maximum 2satisfiability (MAX 2SAT) problems that always deliver solutions of expected value at least .87856 times the optimal value. These algorithms use a simple and elegant technique that randomly rounds the solution ..."
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Cited by 1231 (13 self)
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We present randomized approximation algorithms for the maximum cut (MAX CUT) and maximum 2satisfiability (MAX 2SAT) problems that always deliver solutions of expected value at least .87856 times the optimal value. These algorithms use a simple and elegant technique that randomly rounds the solution to a nonlinear programming relaxation. This relaxation can be interpreted both as a semidefinite program and as an eigenvalue minimization problem. The best previously known approximation algorithms for these problems had performance guarantees of ...
Footprint evaluation for volume rendering
 Computer Graphics
, 1990
"... This paper presents a forward mapping rendering algorithm to display regular volumetric grids that may not have the same spacings in the three grid directions. It takes advantage of the fact that convolution can be thought of as distributing energy from input samples into space. The renderer calcul ..."
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Cited by 504 (1 self)
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This paper presents a forward mapping rendering algorithm to display regular volumetric grids that may not have the same spacings in the three grid directions. It takes advantage of the fact that convolution can be thought of as distributing energy from input samples into space. The renderer calculates an image plane footprint for each data sample and uses the footprint to spread the sample's energy onto the image plane. A result of the technique is that the forward mapping algorithm can support perspective without excessive cost, and support adaptive resampling of the threedimensional data set during image generation.
Results 1  10
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159,003