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The Nature of Statistical Learning Theory
, 1999
"... Statistical learning theory was introduced in the late 1960’s. Until the 1990’s it was a purely theoretical analysis of the problem of function estimation from a given collection of data. In the middle of the 1990’s new types of learning algorithms (called support vector machines) based on the deve ..."
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Cited by 13261 (32 self)
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on the developed theory were proposed. This made statistical learning theory not only a tool for the theoretical analysis but also a tool for creating practical algorithms for estimating multidimensional functions. This article presents a very general overview of statistical learning theory including both
Factor Graphs and the SumProduct Algorithm
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION THEORY
, 1998
"... A factor graph is a bipartite graph that expresses how a "global" function of many variables factors into a product of "local" functions. Factor graphs subsume many other graphical models including Bayesian networks, Markov random fields, and Tanner graphs. Following one simple c ..."
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Cited by 1786 (70 self)
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computational rule, the sumproduct algorithm operates in factor graphs to computeeither exactly or approximatelyvarious marginal functions by distributed messagepassing in the graph. A wide variety of algorithms developed in artificial intelligence, signal processing, and digital communications can
The geometry of algorithms with orthogonality constraints
 SIAM J. MATRIX ANAL. APPL
, 1998
"... In this paper we develop new Newton and conjugate gradient algorithms on the Grassmann and Stiefel manifolds. These manifolds represent the constraints that arise in such areas as the symmetric eigenvalue problem, nonlinear eigenvalue problems, electronic structures computations, and signal proces ..."
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Cited by 638 (1 self)
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In this paper we develop new Newton and conjugate gradient algorithms on the Grassmann and Stiefel manifolds. These manifolds represent the constraints that arise in such areas as the symmetric eigenvalue problem, nonlinear eigenvalue problems, electronic structures computations, and signal
Survey of clustering algorithms
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NEURAL NETWORKS
, 2005
"... Data analysis plays an indispensable role for understanding various phenomena. Cluster analysis, primitive exploration with little or no prior knowledge, consists of research developed across a wide variety of communities. The diversity, on one hand, equips us with many tools. On the other hand, the ..."
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Cited by 501 (4 self)
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Data analysis plays an indispensable role for understanding various phenomena. Cluster analysis, primitive exploration with little or no prior knowledge, consists of research developed across a wide variety of communities. The diversity, on one hand, equips us with many tools. On the other hand
An Algorithm for Tracking Multiple Targets
 IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control
, 1979
"... Abstract—An algorithm for tracking multiple targets In a cluttered algorithms. Clustering is the process of dividing the entire environment Is developed. The algorithm Is capable of Initiating tracks, set of targets and measurements into independent groups accounting for false or m[~clngreports, and ..."
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Cited by 595 (0 self)
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Abstract—An algorithm for tracking multiple targets In a cluttered algorithms. Clustering is the process of dividing the entire environment Is developed. The algorithm Is capable of Initiating tracks, set of targets and measurements into independent groups accounting for false or m
Hierarchical mixtures of experts and the EM algorithm
, 1993
"... We present a treestructured architecture for supervised learning. The statistical model underlying the architecture is a hierarchical mixture model in which both the mixture coefficients and the mixture components are generalized linear models (GLIM’s). Learning is treated as a maximum likelihood ..."
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Cited by 887 (21 self)
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problem; in particular, we present an ExpectationMaximization (EM) algorithm for adjusting the parameters of the architecture. We also develop an online learning algorithm in which the parameters are updated incrementally. Comparative simulation results are presented in the robot dynamics domain.
PROMPT: Algorithm and Tool for Automated Ontology Merging and Alignment
, 2000
"... Researchers in the ontologydesign field have developed the content for ontologies in many domain areas. Recently, ontologies have become increasingly common on the WorldWide Web where they provide semantics for annotations in Web pages. This distributed nature of ontology development has led t ..."
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Cited by 502 (12 self)
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of the sharing process. We have developed and implemented PROMPT, an algorithm that provides a semiautomatic approach to ontology merging and alignment. PROMPT performs some tasks automatically and guides the user in performing other tasks for which his intervention is required.
The FERET evaluation methodology for face recognition algorithms
 In (a) Example 1 (b) Example 1 (c) Right ear) (d) Mirroed Left ear
"... AbstractÐTwo of the most critical requirements in support of producing reliable facerecognition systems are a large database of facial images and a testing procedure to evaluate systems. The Face Recognition Technology (FERET) program has addressed both issues through the FERET database of facial i ..."
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Cited by 1117 (26 self)
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images and the establishment of the FERET tests. To date, 14,126 images from 1,199 individuals are included in the FERET database, which is divided into development and sequestered portions of the database. In September 1996, the FERET program administered the third in a series of FERET face
Large Margin Classification Using the Perceptron Algorithm
 Machine Learning
, 1998
"... We introduce and analyze a new algorithm for linear classification which combines Rosenblatt 's perceptron algorithm with Helmbold and Warmuth's leaveoneout method. Like Vapnik 's maximalmargin classifier, our algorithm takes advantage of data that are linearly separable with large ..."
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Cited by 522 (2 self)
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We introduce and analyze a new algorithm for linear classification which combines Rosenblatt 's perceptron algorithm with Helmbold and Warmuth's leaveoneout method. Like Vapnik 's maximalmargin classifier, our algorithm takes advantage of data that are linearly separable
A Sequential Algorithm for Training Text Classifiers
, 1994
"... The ability to cheaply train text classifiers is critical to their use in information retrieval, content analysis, natural language processing, and other tasks involving data which is partly or fully textual. An algorithm for sequential sampling during machine learning of statistical classifiers was ..."
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Cited by 630 (10 self)
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The ability to cheaply train text classifiers is critical to their use in information retrieval, content analysis, natural language processing, and other tasks involving data which is partly or fully textual. An algorithm for sequential sampling during machine learning of statistical classifiers
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