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NMR: Additional possibilities with laboratory measurements
"... Laboratory NMR measurements are now a standard method in formation evaluation, with the experiments similar in design to those in modern NMRlogging equipment In laboratory NMR measurements a much higher static magnetic field is used instead of the earth magnetic field in SNMRmeasurements, which ma ..."
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Laboratory NMR measurements are now a standard method in formation evaluation, with the experiments similar in design to those in modern NMRlogging equipment In laboratory NMR measurements a much higher static magnetic field is used instead of the earth magnetic field in SNMRmeasurements, which makes it necessary to distinguish between three relaxation times, namely the transverse relaxation time constants T2 * and T2, and the longitudinal relaxation time constant T1. In this paper a short summary of the experiments with NMR in formation evaluation and the determinable formation parameters are presented. The simplest experiment is the FID (Free Induction Decay), in which the relaxation of the protons after one exciting 90 ° pulse is measured. From this experiment we obtain the T2* transverse relaxation time constant. The CPMG (CarrPurcellMeiboomGill) experiment is a pulse echo method to measure T2. The first 90 ° pulse is followed by a large number of 180 ° pulses to release decay curves from the influence of dephasing by inhomogenities of the static field, caused by magnetic materials in the investigated rock.
Wattch: A Framework for ArchitecturalLevel Power Analysis and Optimizations
 In Proceedings of the 27th Annual International Symposium on Computer Architecture
, 2000
"... Power dissipation and thermal issues are increasingly significant in modern processors. As a result, it is crucial that power/performance tradeoffs be made more visible to chip architects and even compiler writers, in addition to circuit designers. Most existing power analysis tools achieve high ..."
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Cited by 1320 (43 self)
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high accuracy by calculating power estimates for designs only after layout or floorplanning are complete In addition to being available only late in the design process, such tools are often quite slow, which compounds the difficulty of running them for a large space of design possibilities.
The Xtree: An index structure for highdimensional data
 In Proceedings of the Int’l Conference on Very Large Data Bases
, 1996
"... In this paper, we propose a new method for indexing large amounts of point and spatial data in highdimensional space. An analysis shows that index structures such as the R*tree are not adequate for indexing highdimensional data sets. The major problem of Rtreebased index structures is the over ..."
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Cited by 592 (17 self)
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is the overlap of the bounding boxes in the directory, which increases with growing dimension. To avoid this problem, we introduce a new organization of the directory which uses a split algorithm minimizing overlap and additionally utilizes the concept of supernodes. The basic idea of overlapminimizing split
Image denoising using a scale mixture of Gaussians in the wavelet domain
 IEEE TRANS IMAGE PROCESSING
, 2003
"... We describe a method for removing noise from digital images, based on a statistical model of the coefficients of an overcomplete multiscale oriented basis. Neighborhoods of coefficients at adjacent positions and scales are modeled as the product of two independent random variables: a Gaussian vecto ..."
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Cited by 513 (17 self)
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coefficient reduces to a weighted average of the local linear estimates over all possible values of the hidden multiplier variable. We demonstrate through simulations with images contaminated by additive white Gaussian noise that the performance of this method substantially surpasses that of previously
Markov Logic Networks
 MACHINE LEARNING
, 2006
"... We propose a simple approach to combining firstorder logic and probabilistic graphical models in a single representation. A Markov logic network (MLN) is a firstorder knowledge base with a weight attached to each formula (or clause). Together with a set of constants representing objects in the ..."
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Cited by 816 (39 self)
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in the domain, it specifies a ground Markov network containing one feature for each possible grounding of a firstorder formula in the KB, with the corresponding weight. Inference in MLNs is performed by MCMC over the minimal subset of the ground network required for answering the query. Weights are efficiently
Interactive Graph Cuts for Optimal Boundary & Region Segmentation of Objects in ND Images
, 2001
"... In this paper we describe a new technique for general purpose interactive segmentation of Ndimensional images. The user marks certain pixels as “object” or “background” to provide hard constraints for segmentation. Additional soft constraints incorporate both boundary and region information. Graph ..."
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Cited by 1010 (20 self)
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In this paper we describe a new technique for general purpose interactive segmentation of Ndimensional images. The user marks certain pixels as “object” or “background” to provide hard constraints for segmentation. Additional soft constraints incorporate both boundary and region information. Graph
The "Independent Components" of Natural Scenes are Edge Filters
, 1997
"... It has previously been suggested that neurons with line and edge selectivities found in primary visual cortex of cats and monkeys form a sparse, distributed representation of natural scenes, and it has been reasoned that such responses should emerge from an unsupervised learning algorithm that attem ..."
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Cited by 617 (29 self)
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. Some of these filters are Gaborlike and resemble those produced by the sparsenessmaximization network. In addition, the outputs of these filters are as independent as possible, since this infomax network performs Independent Components Analysis or ICA, for sparse (supergaussian) component
An Optimal Algorithm for Approximate Nearest Neighbor Searching in Fixed Dimensions
 ACMSIAM SYMPOSIUM ON DISCRETE ALGORITHMS
, 1994
"... Consider a set S of n data points in real ddimensional space, R d , where distances are measured using any Minkowski metric. In nearest neighbor searching we preprocess S into a data structure, so that given any query point q 2 R d , the closest point of S to q can be reported quickly. Given any po ..."
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Cited by 984 (32 self)
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positive real ffl, a data point p is a (1 + ffl)approximate nearest neighbor of q if its distance from q is within a factor of (1 + ffl) of the distance to the true nearest neighbor. We show that it is possible to preprocess a set of n points in R d in O(dn log n) time and O(dn) space, so that given a
Adaptive Protocols for Information Dissemination in Wireless Sensor Networks
, 1999
"... In this paper, we present a family of adaptive protocols, called SPIN (Sensor Protocols for Information via Negotiation) , that eciently disseminates information among sensors in an energyconstrained wireless sensor network. Nodes running a SPIN communication protocol name their data using highlev ..."
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Cited by 671 (10 self)
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level data descriptors, called metadata. They use metadata negotiations to eliminate the transmission of redundant data throughout the network. In addition, SPIN nodes can base their communication decisions both upon applicationspecic knowledge of the data and upon knowledge of the resources
Orthogonal matching pursuit: Recursive function approximation with applications to wavelet decomposition
 in Conference Record of The TwentySeventh Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers
, 1993
"... In this paper we describe a recursive algorithm to compute representations of functions with respect to nonorthogonal and possibly overcomplete dictionaries of elementary building blocks e.g. aiEne (wa.velet) frames. We propoeea modification to the Matching Pursuit algorithm of Mallat and Zhang (199 ..."
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Cited by 637 (1 self)
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In this paper we describe a recursive algorithm to compute representations of functions with respect to nonorthogonal and possibly overcomplete dictionaries of elementary building blocks e.g. aiEne (wa.velet) frames. We propoeea modification to the Matching Pursuit algorithm of Mallat and Zhang
Results 1  10
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