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A Twobit Differentiated Services Architecture for the Internet
, 1997
"... This document presents a differentiated services architecture for the internet. Dave Clark and Van Jacobson each presented work on differentiated services at the Munich IETF meeting [2,3]. Each explained how to use one bit of the IP header to deliver a new kind of service to packets in the internet. ..."
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Cited by 469 (4 self)
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This document presents a differentiated services architecture for the internet. Dave Clark and Van Jacobson each presented work on differentiated services at the Munich IETF meeting [2,3]. Each explained how to use one bit of the IP header to deliver a new kind of service to packets in the internet
Private Information Retrieval
"... We describe schemes that enable a user to access k replicated copies of a database ( k * 2) and privately retrieve informationstored in the database. This means that each individual database gets no information on the identity of the item retrieved by the user. For a single database, achieving thi ..."
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Cited by 558 (14 self)
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this type of privacy requires communicating the whole database, or n bits (where n is the number of bits in the database). Our schemes use the replication to gain substantial saving. In particular, we have ffl A two database scheme with communication complexity of O(n1=3).ffl
On limits of wireless communications in a fading environment when using multiple antennas
 Wireless Personal Communications
, 1998
"... Abstract. This paper is motivated by the need for fundamental understanding of ultimate limits of bandwidth efficient delivery of higher bitrates in digital wireless communications and to also begin to look into how these limits might be approached. We examine exploitation of multielement array (M ..."
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Cited by 2426 (14 self)
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to the baseline n = 1 case, which by Shannon’s classical formula scales as one more bit/cycle for every 3 dB of signaltonoise ratio (SNR) increase, remarkably with MEAs, the scaling is almost like n more bits/cycle for each 3 dB increase in SNR. To illustrate how great this capacity is, even for small n, take
Sequence Logos: A New Way to Display Consensus Sequences
 Nucleic Acids Res
, 1990
"... INTRODUCTION A logo is "a single piece of type bearing two or more usually separate elements" [1]. In this paper, we use logos to display aligned sets of sequences. Sequence logos concentrate the following information into a single graphic [2]: 1. The general consensus of the sequences. ..."
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Cited by 650 (28 self)
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. National Cancer Institute, Frederick Cancer Research and Development Center, Laboratory of Mathematical Biology, P. O. Box B, Frederick, MD 21701. Internet addresses: toms@ncifcrf.gov and stephens@ncifcrf.gov. y corresponding author 1 2. The order of predominance of the residues at every position. 3
Pin: building customized program analysis tools with dynamic instrumentation
 IN PLDI ’05: PROCEEDINGS OF THE 2005 ACM SIGPLAN CONFERENCE ON PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION
, 2005
"... Robust and powerful software instrumentation tools are essential for program analysis tasks such as profiling, performance evaluation, and bug detection. To meet this need, we have developed a new instrumentation system called Pin. Our goals are to provide easytouse, portable, transparent, and eff ..."
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Cited by 991 (35 self)
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delivers significantly better instrumentation performance than similar tools. For example, Pin is 3.3x faster than Valgrind and 2x faster than DynamoRIO for basicblock counting. To illustrate Pin’s versatility, we describe two Pintools in daily use to analyze production software. Pin is publicly available
How Iris Recognition Works
, 2003
"... Algorithms developed by the author for recognizing persons by their iris patterns have now been tested in six field and laboratory trials, producing no false matches in several million comparison tests. The recognition principle is the failure of a test of statistical independence on iris phase st ..."
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Cited by 509 (4 self)
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structure encoded by multiscale quadrature wavelets. The combinatorial complexity of this phase information across different persons spans about 244 degrees of freedom and generates a discrimination entropy of about 3.2 bits/mm over the iris, enabling realtime decisions about personal identity
Spacetime codes for high data rate wireless communication: Performance criterion and code construction
 IEEE TRANS. INFORM. THEORY
, 1998
"... We consider the design of channel codes for improving the data rate and/or the reliability of communications over fading channels using multiple transmit antennas. Data is encoded by a channel code and the encoded data is split into n streams that are simultaneously transmitted using n transmit ant ..."
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Cited by 1782 (28 self)
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are provided for 4 and 8 PSK signal sets with data rates of 2 and 3 bits/symbol, demonstrating excellent performance that is within 2–3 dB of the outage capacity for these channels using only 64 state encoders.
Factoring polynomials with rational coefficients
 MATH. ANN
, 1982
"... In this paper we present a polynomialtime algorithm to solve the following problem: given a nonzero polynomial fe Q[X] in one variable with rational coefficients, find the decomposition of f into irreducible factors in Q[X]. It is well known that this is equivalent to factoring primitive polynomia ..."
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Cited by 961 (11 self)
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polynomials feZ[X] into irreducible factors in Z[X]. Here we call f ~ Z[X] primitive if the greatest common divisor of its coefficients (the content of f) is 1. Our algorithm performs well in practice, cf. [8]. Its running time, measured in bit operations, is O(nl2+n9(log[fD3). Here f~Tl[X] is the polynomial
Bayesian Data Analysis
, 1995
"... I actually own a copy of Harold Jeffreys’s Theory of Probability but have only read small bits of it, most recently over a decade ago to confirm that, indeed, Jeffreys was not too proud to use a classical chisquared pvalue when he wanted to check the misfit of a model to data (Gelman, Meng and Ste ..."
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Cited by 2194 (63 self)
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I actually own a copy of Harold Jeffreys’s Theory of Probability but have only read small bits of it, most recently over a decade ago to confirm that, indeed, Jeffreys was not too proud to use a classical chisquared pvalue when he wanted to check the misfit of a model to data (Gelman, Meng
Seven principles for good practice in undergraduate education
, 1987
"... Apathetic students, illiterate graduates, incompetent teaching, impersonal campuses so rolls the drumfire of criticism of higher education. More than two years of reports have spelled out the problems. States have been quick to respond by holding out carrots and beating with sticks. There are neit ..."
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Cited by 799 (0 self)
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. Develops reciprocity and cooperation among students. 3. Uses active learning techniques. 4. Gives prompt feedback. 5. Emphasizes time on task. 6. Communicates high expectations. 7. Respects diverse talents and ways of learning. We can do it ourselves with a little bit of help.... A Focus for Improvement
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