Results 11  20
of
88,749
Evaluating the Accuracy of SamplingBased Approaches to the Calculation of Posterior Moments
 IN BAYESIAN STATISTICS
, 1992
"... Data augmentation and Gibbs sampling are two closely related, samplingbased approaches to the calculation of posterior moments. The fact that each produces a sample whose constituents are neither independent nor identically distributed complicates the assessment of convergence and numerical accurac ..."
Abstract

Cited by 604 (12 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Data augmentation and Gibbs sampling are two closely related, samplingbased approaches to the calculation of posterior moments. The fact that each produces a sample whose constituents are neither independent nor identically distributed complicates the assessment of convergence and numerical
Ant Colony System: A cooperative learning approach to the traveling salesman problem
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON EVOLUTIONARY COMPUTATION
, 1997
"... This paper introduces the ant colony system (ACS), a distributed algorithm that is applied to the traveling salesman problem (TSP). In the ACS, a set of cooperating agents called ants cooperate to find good solutions to TSP’s. Ants cooperate using an indirect form of communication mediated by a pher ..."
Abstract

Cited by 1029 (53 self)
 Add to MetaCart
This paper introduces the ant colony system (ACS), a distributed algorithm that is applied to the traveling salesman problem (TSP). In the ACS, a set of cooperating agents called ants cooperate to find good solutions to TSP’s. Ants cooperate using an indirect form of communication mediated by a
Design of capacityapproaching irregular lowdensity paritycheck codes
 IEEE TRANS. INFORM. THEORY
, 2001
"... We design lowdensity paritycheck (LDPC) codes that perform at rates extremely close to the Shannon capacity. The codes are built from highly irregular bipartite graphs with carefully chosen degree patterns on both sides. Our theoretical analysis of the codes is based on [1]. Assuming that the unde ..."
Abstract

Cited by 588 (6 self)
 Add to MetaCart
to infinity. Furthermore, we prove a stability condition which implies an upper bound on the fraction of errors that a beliefpropagation decoder can correct when applied to a code induced from a bipartite graph with a given degree distribution. Our codes are found by optimizing the degree structure
Geographic Concentration in U.S. Manufacturing Industries: A Dartboard Approach
 Journal of Political Economy
"... This paper discusses the prevalence of Silicon Valley–style localizations of individual manufacturing industries in the United States. A model in which localized industryspecific spillovers, natural advantages, and pure random chance all contribute to geographic concentration is used to develop a ..."
Abstract

Cited by 599 (16 self)
 Add to MetaCart
a test for whether observed levels of concentration are greater than would be expected to arise randomly and to motivate new indices of geographic concentration and of coagglomeration. The proposed indices control for differences in the size distribution of plants and for differences in the size
The Cougar Approach to InNetwork Query Processing in Sensor Networks
 SIGMOD Record
, 2002
"... The widespread distribution and availability of smallscale sensors, actuators, and embedded processors is transforming the physical world into a computing platform. One such example is a sensor network consisting of a large number of sensor nodes that combine physical sensing capabilities such as te ..."
Abstract

Cited by 498 (1 self)
 Add to MetaCart
The widespread distribution and availability of smallscale sensors, actuators, and embedded processors is transforming the physical world into a computing platform. One such example is a sensor network consisting of a large number of sensor nodes that combine physical sensing capabilities
Multiobjective evolutionary algorithms: a comparative case study and the strength pareto approach
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON EVOLUTIONARY COMPUTATION
, 1999
"... Evolutionary algorithms (EA’s) are often wellsuited for optimization problems involving several, often conflicting objectives. Since 1985, various evolutionary approaches to multiobjective optimization have been developed that are capable of searching for multiple solutions concurrently in a singl ..."
Abstract

Cited by 813 (22 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Evolutionary algorithms (EA’s) are often wellsuited for optimization problems involving several, often conflicting objectives. Since 1985, various evolutionary approaches to multiobjective optimization have been developed that are capable of searching for multiple solutions concurrently in a
Random Key Predistribution Schemes for Sensor Networks”,
 IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy,
, 2003
"... Abstract Efficient key distribution is the basis for providing secure communication, a necessary requirement for many emerging sensor network applications. Many applications require authentic and secret communication among neighboring sensor nodes. However, establishing keys for secure communicatio ..."
Abstract

Cited by 832 (12 self)
 Add to MetaCart
of sensor nodes prevent using traditional key distribution mechanisms in sensor networks, such as DiffieHellman based approaches. Predistribution of secret keys among neighbors is generally not feasible, because we do not know which sensors will be neighbors after deployment. Predistribution of secret
Exact Sampling with Coupled Markov Chains and Applications to Statistical Mechanics
, 1996
"... For many applications it is useful to sample from a finite set of objects in accordance with some particular distribution. One approach is to run an ergodic (i.e., irreducible aperiodic) Markov chain whose stationary distribution is the desired distribution on this set; after the Markov chain has ..."
Abstract

Cited by 543 (13 self)
 Add to MetaCart
For many applications it is useful to sample from a finite set of objects in accordance with some particular distribution. One approach is to run an ergodic (i.e., irreducible aperiodic) Markov chain whose stationary distribution is the desired distribution on this set; after the Markov chain
Semantic similarity based on corpus statistics and lexical taxonomy
 Proc of 10th International Conference on Research in Computational Linguistics, ROCLING’97
, 1997
"... This paper presents a new approach for measuring semantic similarity/distance between words and concepts. It combines a lexical taxonomy structure with corpus statistical information so that the semantic distance between nodes in the semantic space constructed by the taxonomy can be better quantifie ..."
Abstract

Cited by 873 (0 self)
 Add to MetaCart
quantified with the computational evidence derived from a distributional analysis of corpus data. Specifically, the proposed measure is a combined approach that inherits the edgebased approach of the edge counting scheme, which is then enhanced by the nodebased approach of the information content
FastSLAM: A Factored Solution to the Simultaneous Localization and Mapping Problem
 In Proceedings of the AAAI National Conference on Artificial Intelligence
, 2002
"... The ability to simultaneously localize a robot and accurately map its surroundings is considered by many to be a key prerequisite of truly autonomous robots. However, few approaches to this problem scale up to handle the very large number of landmarks present in real environments. Kalman filterbase ..."
Abstract

Cited by 599 (10 self)
 Add to MetaCart
of landmarks in the map. This algorithm is based on a factorization of the posterior into a product of conditional landmark distributions and a distribution over robot paths. The algorithm has been run successfully on as many as 50,000 landmarks, environments far beyond the reach of previous approaches
Results 11  20
of
88,749